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Full text of "Kyocera FS-1500 User Manual"

FS-1500/A 
User's Manual 



We shall have no liability or responsibility to customers or any other person or entity with respect 
to any liability, loss or damage caused or alleged to be caused directly or indirectly by equipment 
sold or furnished by us. including but not limited to, any interruption of service, loss of business 
or anticipatory profits, or consequential damages resulting from the use or operation of the equip- 
ment or software. 

Caution 

NO LIABILITY IS ASSUMED FOR ANY DAMAGE CAUSED BY IMPROPER INSTALLATION. 

SOFTWARE USED WITH THIS PRINTER MUST SUPPORT THE PRINTERS EMULA- 
TION MODE. The printer is factory-set to emulate the HP LaserJet III. The emulation mode 
can be changed by following the procedures described in section 2.2. 

Notice 

The information in this manual is subject to change without notification. Additional pages may be 
inserted in future editions. The user is asked to excuse any technical inaccuracies or typographical 
errors in the present edition. 

No responsibility is assumed if accidents occur while the user is following the instructions in this 
manual. No responsibility is assumed for defects in the printer's firmware (contents of its read- 
only memory). 

The contents of this manual are protected by copyright. No part of this manual may be repro- 
duced or copied by any means without the permission of the copyright holder. 

The printer's firmware is similarly protected by copyright. 

Regarding Tradenames: 

PRESCRIBE is a registered trademark of Kyocera Corporation. 

PRESCRIBE II. KIR (Kyocera Image Refinement), Ecosys, and Ecotone are trademarks of 

Kyocera Corporation. 

Diablo 630 is a product of Xerox Corporation. IBM Proprinter X-24E is a product of Inter- 
national Business Machines Corporation. Epson LQ-850 is a product of Seiko Epson Corporation. 
HP LaserJet III and HP 7475A are products of Hewlett-Packard Company. Hewlett-Packard, 
PCL. and HP-GL are registered trademarks of Hewlett-Packard Company. Centronics is a trade 
name of Centronics Data Computer Corp. PostScript is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems 
Incorporated. AppleTalk is a trademark of Apple Computer. Inc. 

Typeface Trademark Acknowledgement 

Dutch801 and Swiss742 are trademarks of Bitstream Inc. 

This Kyocera page printer uses PeerlessPrint5 to provide the HP LaserJet III compatible PCL5 
language emulation. PeerlessPrint5 is a trademark of The Peerless Group. Redondo Beach, CA 
90278, U.S.A. 

©Copyright 1992 by Kyocera Corporation 
All rights reserved. Revision 1.1.. May 1992 



Federal Communications Commission (U.S.A.) and D.O.C. 
(Canada) Requirements 

This equipment generates and uses radio frequency energy and if not installed 
and used properly, in strict accordance with the manufacturer's instructions 
may cause interference to radio and television reception. It has been type ' 
tested and found comply with the limits for a Class B computing device in ac- 
cordance with the specifications in Subpart J of part 15 of the FCC rules and 
Canadian Department of Communications radio interference regulation which 
are designed to provide reasonable protection against such interference 'in resi- 
dential installations. 

There is no guarantee, however, that interference will not occur in a particular 
installation. 

If this printer does cause interference to radio or television reception which 
can be determined by turning the printer off and on, the user is encouraged to 
try to correct the interference by one or more of the following measures: 

• Reorient the receiving antenna. 

• Relocate the printer or computer with respect to the receiver. 

• Move the printer or computer away from the receiver. 

• Plug the printer into a different outlet so that the printer and receiver are 
on different branch circuits. 

• Connect the printer to the computer with a grounded, shielded interface 
cable. 

If necessary, consult your dealer or an experienced radio/television technician 
ror additional suggestions. 

You may find the following booklet prepared by the Federal Communications 
Commission helpful: 

How to Identify and Resolve Radio-TV Interference Problems 

This booklet is available from the U.S. Government Printing Office Washing- 
ton, D.C., Stock No. 004-000-00345-4. ' 



interface cable 

Either of the following interface cables meets the FCC requirements: 

• Parallel interface: IBM Printer cable type 1525612 

• Serial interface: IBM communication adapter cable type 1502067 (See^lp- 
pendlx E.) 

Ozone Concentration 

The printers generate ozone gas (O3) which may concentrate in the place of in- 
stallation and cause unpleasant smell. 

To minimize concentration of ozone gas, we recommend you not to install the 
printer in a confined area where ventilation is blocked. 



IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS 

1. Read all of these instructions and save these instructions for later use. 

2. Unplug this product from the wall outlet before cleaning. 

3. Do not use this product near water. 

4. Do not place this product on an unstable cart, stand, or table. The product 
may fall, causing serious damage to the product. 

5. Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back are provided for ventilation 
to ensure reliable operation of the product and to protect it from overheat- 
ing, these openings must not be blocked or covered. The openings should 
never be blocked by placing the product on a bed, sofa, rug, or other simi- 
lar surface. This product should never be placed near or over a radiator or 
heat register. This product should not be placed in a built-in installation 
unless proper ventilation is provided. 

6. This product is equipped with a 3-wire grounding type plug, a plug having 
a third (grounding) pin. This plug will only fit into a grounding-type power 
outlet. This is a safety feature. If you are unable to insert the plug into the 
outlet, contact your electrician to replace your obsolete outlet. Do not 
defeat the purpose of the grounding-type plug. 

7. Do not allow anything to rest on the power cord. Do not locate this pro- 
duct where persons will walk on the cord. 

8. If an extension cord is used with this product, make sure that the total of 
the ampere ratings on the products plugged into the extension cord do not 
exceed the extension cord ampere rating. 

9. Never push objects of any kind into this product through cabinet slots as 
they may touch dangerous voltage points or short out parts that could re- 
sult in a risk of fire or electric shock. Never spill liquid of any kind on the 
product. 

10. Except as explained elsewhere in USER'S MANUAL, do not attempt to 
service this product yourself. Removing covers may expose you to danger- 
ous voltage points or other risks. Refer all servicing in those compartments 
to service personnel. 



11. Unplug this product from the wall outlet and refer servicing to qualified 
service personnel under the following conditions: 

A — When the power cord or plug is damaged or frayed. 

B — If liquid has been spilled into the product. 

C — If the product has been exposed to rain or water. 

D — If the product does not operate normally when the operating instruc- 
tions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are covered by the oper- 
ating instructions since improper adjustment of other controls may result 
in damage and will often require extensive work by a qualified technician 
to restore the product to normal operation. 

E-If the product has been dropped or the cabinet has been damaged. 



Table of Contents 



IChapter 1: Installing the Printer 

1.1. Names of Parts . . 



1-2 
Main Parts ■ _ 7 

■4 



Paper Feed Unit and Paper Cassette \ . 

Rear Panel i 5 

Interior Parts of the Printer 1_ 6 

Drum Unit j_o 

1.2. Choosing a Location i _o 

Basic Requirements i _ g 

Clearance 1 — 10 

Places to Avoid 1 — 11 

Note on Power 1 — 1 1 

1.3. Unpacking and Inspection 1 — 12 

List of Shipped Components 1-13 

Lifting the Printer 1 — 13 

1.4. Setup and Interfacing 1 — 14 

1 - Open the Top Cover 1 — 15 

2-Install the Developer Unit i_ 15 

3-Supply Toner into the Developer 1-18 

4-Install the Waste Toner Bottle 1_ 2 1 

5 -Install the Fuser Cleaning Pad i_2i 

6 — Close the printer's top cover 1—22 

7 — Set Paper 1 — 27 

8-Install The Manual Feed Tray i_24 

9 — Install the Face-down Output Tray 1— ">5 

10-Mount the Paper Stopper l-?6 

11 -Install the Face -up Output Tray 1-27 

12-Attach the Power Cord 1_7 7 

13 -Connect the Printer to the Computer i_27 

14-Test the Printer 1_?8 

15 -Test the Interface with the Computer i_29 

16-Set the Emulation Mode l-?9 

1.5. Prolonged Non-Use and Moving the Printer i_3o 

Prolonged Non-Use 1-30 

Moving the Printer 1-30 



Chapter 2: Operating the Page Printer 



2.1. Control Panel 2 _2 

Message Display 2 — 2 

INTERFACE Indicator 2-3 

SIZE Indicator 2_4 

Symbolic Indicators "> — & 

Control Keys 2_fi 

2.2. Operating Procedures 2_7 

Switching Power On 2 — 7 



Stack Selection 2 — 8 

Feed Selection 2 — 9 

On-line/Off-line Setting 2-10 

Temporary Print Pause 2 — 11 

Setting the Copy Count 2-13 

Abandoning a Printing Job 2 — 14 

Status Printout 2-15 

Form Feed 2 — 16 

2.3. Using the Mode Select Menus 2-17 

Mode Select Menu 2 — 18 

Emulation Submenu 2 — 19 

Font Submenu 2 — 19 

IC-Card Submenu 2-19 

"Others" Submenu 2 — 19 

Mode Select Menu and Sequence 2 — 21 

Selecting the Interface for Control Panel 2-23 

Setting the Copy Count (using MODE SELECT) 2-24 

Changing the Emulation 2 — 25 

Changing the Character Code Set 2 — 26 

Setting the KC-GL Pen Width 2-28 

Font Selection 2-29 

Rereading an IC Card 2 — 33 

Changing the Page Orientation (using MODE SELECT) . . .2-35 

"Others" Mode Selection Menus 2 — 36 

Others/Time-Out Setting 2-37 

Others/Hexadecimal Dump 2 — 38 

Others/Font Sample 2-39 

Others/Resetting the Printer 2-40 

Others/Changing RS-232C Parameters 2-41 

Others/Setting the Linefeed Action 2-43 

Others/Setting the Carriage -Return 2-44 

Others/Changing Panel Keep Setting 2—45 

Others/Selecting the Message Language 2—46 

Others/Reading Total Number of Pages Printed 2-47 

Others/Optimizing KIR (Kyocera Image Refinement) Level . .2—48 

2.4. Page Formatting 2—52 

2.5. Manual Paper Feeding 2—53 

Manual Feeding Procedure 2—55 

Feeding Envelopes 2 — 56 

Overhead Projection (OHP) Film 2-56 

2.6. Adjusting the Print Density 2-57 

2.7. IC Card 2-58 



Chapter 3: Maintenance 

3.1. Supplying Toner in the Developer Unit 3_2 

Toner Supply Interval 3 __ 9 

Toner Kit ,_, 

Supplying Toner 3 _ 7 

3.2. Cleaning , _ 

LED Head and Charger Wire 3_ 9 

Paper Feed Unit 3 — 11 

Chapter 4: Troubleshooting 

4.1. General Guide ._-. 

4.2. Power Problems 4 _, 

4.3. Interface Problems 4 _ 4 

4.4. Print Quality Problems 4-5 

Completely blank printout 4 _ 5 

All-black printout 4 c 

Dropouts, horizontal black streaks, stray dots 4_6 

White or black vertical streaks 4_ 6 

Faint or blurred printing 4 _ 7 

Grey background 4 _ 7 

Dirt on the back of the paper 4_g 

Characters out of position 4_g 

4.5. Indicators and Messages 40 

Indicators .„ 

Maintenance Messages 4-10 

Error Messages 4—11 

4.6. Correcting a Paper Jam 4-13 

Appendix A: Status Page 

A.l. Status Page A _ 9 

1 — Firmware version information A— 3 

2 — Current status information A — 3 

3 - Interface-independent information A — 3 

3a - Default font name (V3) A _ 3 

4 - Non interface-independent information A -4 

5 - Memory allocation status A— 4 

6 — Service information A— 4 

7 - Cumulative page count A _ 4 

8 - User defined font list A __ 4 

Appendix B: How the Page Printer Works 

B.l. How the Printer Works B _ 2 

Appendix C: Printer Specifications 

C.l. Printer Specifications c _ 2 



Appendix D: Paper Selection 

D.l. General Guidelines D — 2 

Paper Availability D— 2 

Paper Specifications D — 3 

D.2. Selecting the Right Paper D-4 

Condition of the Paper D— 4 

Composition D— 4 

Paper Size D —4 

Smoothness D— 5 

Basis Weight D-5 

Thickness (Caliper) D— 5 

Moisture Content D — 6 

Paper Grain D — 6 

Other Paper Properties D — 7 

D.3. Special Paper D-8 

Overhead Projection (OHP) Film D-8 

Adhesive-Backed Labels D— 9 

Envelopes D — 11 

Colored Paper D-ll 

Preprinted Paper D — 11 

Appendix E: Host Computer Interface 

E.l. Parallel Interface E-2 

Interface Signals E — 2 

Parallel Interface Theory of Operation E — 5 

Parallel Connector E— 6 

Parallel Interface Signal Levels E — 6 

E.2. RS-232C Interface E-7 

Interface Signals E — 7 

RS-232C Connector E-8 

RS-232C Interface Voltage Levels E-8 

E.3. RS-232C Protocols E-9 

E.4. Using the Printer in a Multi-computer Environment E — 11 

Sequence of Jobs E — 11 

Buffer Sizes E-ll 

Independence of Printing Environments E — 13 

FRPO Parameters E-14 

Appendix F: RS-232C Cable Connection 

F.l. RS-232C Cable Connection F-2 

Preparing an RS-232C Cable F-2 

Connecting the Printer to the Computer F — 3 



Appendix G: Memory Expansion Installation 

G.l. Removing the Memory Expansion Board G — 2 

Notes on Handling the Expansion Board and SIMMs G — 2 

Removing the Expansion Board from the Printer G — 3 

G.2. Installing Memory G— 4 

Valid SIMM Configurations G-4 

Type of SIMM to be used G — 6 

G.3. Installing and removing SIMMs G — 7 

Cautions on handling SIMMs G — 7 

Installing SIMMs G-7 

Removing SIMMs G-8 

G.4. Testing the Expansion Board G — 9 

Appendix H: Glossary 
Index 



Introduction 



This Kyocera page printer gives you one of the newest and best computer 
printing technologies. If you are used to a dot matrix printer or daisywheel 
printer, you are in for a pleasant surprise. You will find that this printer prints 
faster, quieter, and much more versatile, and you will like the near-typeset 
print quality and excellent graphics. 



The Kyocera printer has many extremely desirable features. It was designed to 
make a contribution to a cleaner environment in mind as well as to represent 
the latest generation of page printer technology. Other features include: 

Maintenance Features 

• Compact design - Thanks to the inboard paper cassette configuration, the 
printer installation requires a space as small as a computer display does. 

• Ultra long life modules — The main modules for developing image and 
printing, such as the drum, developer, and the fuser, are specifically de- 
signed for extraordinarily long life and need no periodic replacement. The 
drum is made of amorphous silicon which is environmentally transparent 
and is designed as a permanent component in the printer. The only main- 
tenance regularly needed is to replenish the toner supply in the developer 
every 5,000 pages (A4 size, 5%) and to clean some parts inside the printer. 

• Minimized ozone gas emission — The printer employs no intense negative 
corona charge that is found in many laser printers and generates ozone 
gas. Therefore, the amount of ozone gas that the printer generates is ex- 
traordinarily low. 

• Amorphous silicon drum — Kyocera's own and unique ceramics tech- 
nology brought an extremely hard and tough drum with extraordinarily 
long service life. Also, the drum has prominent photoconductive proper- 
ties, such as stability and reliability against varying temperatures, re- 
sistance to heat and solvent, etc., which offer high resolution and fine 
image with surprising fidelity. 

• Safe and clean waste -The toner supply container and the waste toner 
bottle are made of a burnable material which generates no harmful gas 
when burning. 

Print Engine Features 

• High speed - A4-size pages typically print at the rate of 10 pages per 
minute. (Actual time required varies according to page complexity.) 



• 



Large paper capacity -The printer accommodates the paper feed cassette 
with a capacity of 250 sheets (75 g/m 2 [20 lbs/ream] basis weight, 0.1 mm 
thickness). It also provides a face-down output tray and a face-up output 
tray. 



• Wide print media variety— In addition to standard paper, the printer 
prints on special media of a wide range of types and sizes, including en- 
velopes, labels and OHP film. 

• Superb print quality— The printer's combination of the Kyocara's state-of- 
the art technologies, such as the amorphous silicon drum and micro fine 
ceramics toner (Ecotone), dynamically driven micro LED printing head, 
multiple component developing system, and KIR [Kyocera Image Refine- 
ment], provides sharpness and consistency that is unmatched by other 
printer maker. 

Software Features 

• Bitmapped and scalable typefaces — In addition to its 79 internal bitmap 
fonts, the printer provides 13 fully-scalable resident typefaces. The scala- 
ble typefaces can be used at any size desired up to 999.75 points, in 0.25- 
point increments. 

• A new printer control language, PRESCRIBE II, with features including — 

advanced graphics capabilities that allow you to print any conceivable out- 
line shape or solid form. Also provided are a variety of special effects, 
such as patterned fills, gray-scale shading, a user-accessible print image 
model, and multiple page orientations and print directions within the same 

page. 

• Automatic rotation of fonts and graphics — Images and scalable fonts are 
automatically rotated to match the page orientation. 

• A wide variety of internal symbol sets — The printer supports most 
Hewlett-Packard LaserJet III compatible symbol sets for both bitmap and 
scalable fonts. 

• Display of printer messages in any of seven languages — English, French, 
German, Spanish, Italian, Danish, or Swedish. 

• Two IC card slots for option fonts, macros, forms, etc. — Data in the IC 
cards can be selectively reread from the printer's control panel. 

• Large memory— 1MB of base memory, expandable with optional SIMMs 
to a maximum capacity of 5 megabytes. 



• Multiple interface -Standard serial, Centronics, and an option interface [ 

for simultaneous use of the printer by different computers. \ 

c 

Options [ 

The following options are available for the printer. 

PC-7 Paper cassette for the printer (A5, B5, A4, Letter, and Letter/Legal sizes) 

PF-5 Paper Feeder 

PC-8 Paper cassette for PF-5 (A5 to Legal sizes) 

EF-1 Envelope Feeder 

PA-1 Paper Path Adaptor (for PF-5) 

PK-2 PostScript Upgrade Kit 

FR-1 PCL Font ROM (bitmap and scalable fonts) 

IB-3 AppleTalk Interface Board 

Guide to the Printer Manuals 

Three manuals are supplied with the printer: 
User's Manual (this manual) 

The main topics covered in this manual are: 

• Installation 

• Control panel operations 

• Maintenance and troubleshooting 

The USER'S MANUAL guides you through the installation procedure and ex- 
plains the basic printing operations. It contains the basic information you need 
to use the printer with word-processing and graphics software. 



FS-SERIES TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual 

The main topics covered in this manual are: 

• PRESCRIBE II command language (tutorial) 

• Emulation features 

The TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual explains how to place PRESCRIBE 
II commands in document files for formatting, to change type styles "on the 
fly," to add graphic designs, etc. Read TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual 
when you want to go beyond the capabilities of software designed for other 
printers. 

PRESCRIBE II COMMAND REFERENCE manual 

This manual gives a full list of the PRESCRIBE II commands and their para- 
meters in detail for experienced users. Many practical examples of the PRE- 
SCRIBE II commands are also provided in this manual. 



Chapter 1: 
Installing the Printer 



This chapter explains how to unpack and install the printer. The topics 
covered are: 

• Names and functions of parts 

• Choosing a location 

• Unpacking and inspection 

• Setup and interfacing 



1.1. Names of Parts 

This section takes you on a guided tour of the printer, pointing out its major 
parts and giving a brief description of the function of each. The tour starts 
with the main outer parts and concludes with what you will see when you open 
the printer up for maintenance. The part names introduced in this section will 
be used throughout this manual. 

Main Parts 

Main switch — turns the printer's power on and off. 

Control panel - contains the printer's switches and indicators. 

IC card slots - for inserting IC cards to obtain additional fonts, macros, forms, 
etc. 

Top cover release lever — opens the printer's top cover. 

Manual feed tray -used to feed paper of sizes different from the cassette size 
by hand. The paper guides adjust to the size of manually fed paper, to center 
the paper. This tray is not necessary when cassette paper is used for most of 
your printing jobs. 

Paper feed unit release lever -draws out the paper feed unit. 

Option envelope feeder connector cover -must be removed when installing an 
optional envelope feeder, to connect the feeder to the printer's connector lo- 
cated behind this cover. 

Face-down output tray -receives the printed pages face-down. 

Face-up output tray -receives the printed pages face-up. 

Paper stopper - keeps printed pages in the paper output tray. 



1-2 



Figure 1 .1 Main Parts 



Main Switch 



Face-down 
Output Tray 



Paper Stopper 




Manual Feed Tray 
(May not be installed if 
cassette paper is used.) 



Face-up 
Output Tray 



IC Card Slots 



Control Panel 



Paper Feed Unit 
Release Lever 



1-3 



Paper Feed Unit and Paper Cassette 

Paper feed unit — picks up paper in the paper cassette and feeds it forward for 
printing. 

Paper cassette — holds paper for automatic feeding. 

Manual feed tray slots — used to mount the manual feed tray on the printer. 

Figure 1 .2 Paper Feed Unit and Paper Cassette 



Paper Feed Unit 



Manual Feed 
Tray Slots 




Paper Cassette 



1-4 



Rear Panel 

Parallel interface connector and RS-232C connector — for connecting the 
printer to the computer. 

Option interface slot cover — for installation of an option interface kit. The 
cover must be removed when the kit is installed. 

Option paper handler/stacker connector — for connecting the paper han- 
dler/stacker's connector. 

Power cord receptacle — for the power cord. 

Memory expansion slot cover — must be removed when installing an optional 
memory. See Appendix G. 

Figure 1.3 Rear Panel 



Parallel Interface 
Connector 



RS-232C 
Connector 




Memory 
Expansion Slot 
Cover 



Power Cord 
Receptacle 



Option Interface 
Slot Cover 



Option Paper 

Handler/Stacker 

Connector 



1-5 



Interior Parts of the Printer 

Developer unit — transfers toner to the drum, to develop the image written by 
the LED light. 

Drum unit — contains the LED head, amorphous silicon photoconductive 
drum, and the main charger. 

Drum unit cover open button — opens the drum unit cover for cleaning the 
main charger and the LED head with the MH cleaner. 

Print density control — adjusts the print density. 

Fuser unit— fuses the toner onto the paper. 

Fuser cleaning pad — lubricates and cleans the heat roller in the fuser. 

Waste toner bottle — collects toner that does not adhere to the paper. 

Waste toner bottle release button — pressed when removing the waste toner 
bottle. 

MH (main charger and head) cleaner — used for cleaning the transfer charger 
wire and the LED head. The MH cleaner can be stowed inside the printer 
when not in use as shown in Figure 1.4. 



1-6 



Drum Unit 



LED head - emits parallel beam to write the invisible electrical image on the 
drum. 

Amorphous silicon drum - develops the electrical image as scanned by the 
LED head. The image is transferred to the paper by applying toner to the 
drum. 

Made of extremely hard and tough amorphous silicon material, the drum is a 
permanent component of the printer. 

Main charger wire -gives an electrical charge to the surface of the drum. 



Figure 1.5 Drum Unit 



LED Head 

Amorphous 
Silicon Drum 




1-8 



Figure 1 .4 Interior Parts of the Printer 



Waste Toner Bottle 
Release Button 



Drum Unit Cover 
Open Button 



Fuser Cleaning Pad 



Fuser Unit 




Waste Toner 
Bottle 



MH cleaner 

Print Density Control 
Developer Unit 



1-7 



1.2. Choosing a Location 

Basic Requirements 

The printer will work best if it is installed in a location that is: 

• Near the computer 

The connecting cable should not be longer than 3 meters (10 feet). 

• Level and well supported 

Place the printer on a sturdy table or desk. Do not place the printer on an un- 
stable cart, stand, or table. The printer may fall, causing serious damage to the 
printer. 

• Near an AC wall outlet, preferably one that can be used for the printer 
alone (See the Note on Power on page 1-11.). 

Power requirements: 



Voltage 


120 V (FS-1500A), 220 V to 240 V (FS-1500), ±10% at each voltage 


Frequency 


50 Hz or 60 Hz, ±2% 


Current capacity 


Max. 5 A at 120 V, or Max. 2.5 A at 220 V to 240 V 



The outlet should have a ground slot, or you should use an adapter. 

If you use an extension cord, the total length of the power cord plus extension 
cord should be 5 meters (17 feet) or less. 

• Well ventilated, not too hot or cold, and not too damp or dry 



Temperature 


10°C to 32.5°C, ideally about 20°C (50°F to 90.5°F, ideally about 
68°F) 


Humidity 


20% to 80%, ideally 65% 



If you install the printer where the temperature or humidity is outside the 
above ranges, you may not get the best print quality, and there will be in- 
creased chance of paper jam. 



1-9 



Clearance 

Allow the necessary minimum clearances on all sides of the printer. See below. 
A total space of 65 cm by 125 cm (26 by 50 inches) is needed. 

Figure 1.6 Minimum Clearance 



65 cm 
(26 inches) 



40 cm (16 inches)* 



5 cm 
(2 inches) 



in 



S 25 cm 
(10 inches) 







iffl 



( ) 



50 cm (20 inches) 



125 cm 
(50 inches) 



* 20 cm (8 inches) when the face-up output 
tray is not installed. 



1-10 



Places to Avoid 

Avoid installing the printer in locations exposed to: 

• Direct drafts of hot or cold air 

• Direct drafts of outside air (Avoid locations next to outside doors.) 

• Sudden temperature or humidity changes 

• Any source of high heat, such as a radiator or stove 

• Excessive dust 

• Vibration 

• Ammonia fumes or other harmful fumes (If you are going to fumigate the 
room or saturate it with insecticide, move the printer out first!) 

• Avoid greenhouse-like rooms (because of sunlight and humidity). 

• Avoid enclosed spaces that block ventilation. 

• Avoid sites more than 2000 meters (6500 feet) above sea level. 

Note on Power 

The printer should not be on the same power circuit as an air conditioner, 
fluorescent light, copier, or shredder, because these devices generate electrical 
noise on the power line. If it must share a power circuit with equipment like, 
this, a high-frequency noise filter or isolation transformer is advisable. (Filters 
and transformers are available commercially.) 

Avoid using plug multipliers to connect a large number of devices on the same 
circuit as the printer. 

If the power from the outlet itself appears to be unstable, a line stabilizer 
should be used. In places where the voltage tends to fluctuate, it may be neces- 
sary to install a voltage regulator. 



1-11 



1.3. Unpacking and Inspection 

The printer is packed as shown below. When you unpack it, check that the 
listed parts are all present. 



Figure 1.7 Printer Packing 

Paper 
Stopper 



Power Cord 
Manual Feed Tray 

Face-down Paper Tray 
Toner Kit 

Face-up Paper Tray 




Printer 




Developer 
Unit 



1-12 



List of Shipped Components 

• Printer 

• Paper feed cassette 

• Manual feed tray 

• Face-down output tray 

• Face-up output tray 

• Paper stopper 

• Power cord 

• Toner kit including a toner container, a fuser cleaning pad, a wiper cloth, 
and a waste toner bottle 

• Developer unit 

• USER'S MANUAL 

• Printer TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual 

• PRESCRIBE II COMMAND REFERENCE manual 

Save the box and other packing materials in case you ever have to repack the 
printer for transportation. 

Lifting the Printer 

When lifting the printer for Figure 1 .8 Lifting the Printer 

moving, it must be held in the 

manner as shown. No other ^^^m 

parts of the printer may be 

used for lifting purpose. 




1-13 



1.4. Setup and Interfacing 

The steps in setting the printer up are: 

1. Open the top cover. 

2. Install the developer unit. 

3. Supply toner into the developer. 

4. Install the waste toner bottle. 

5. Install the fuser cleaning pad. 

6. Close the printer's top cover 

7. Set paper 

8. Install the manual feed tray (if necessary). 

9. Install the face-down output tray 

10. Mount the paper stopper. 

11. Install the face-up output tray (if necessary). 

12. Attach the power cord. 

13. Connect the printer to the computer. 

14. Test the printer. 

15. Test the interface with the computer. 

16. Set the emulation mode. 



1-14 



1 - Open the Top Cover 

Remove any paper or other objects lying on top of the printer (so they will not 
fall down). 



Top Cover 



Release Lever 




Lift the release lever on the top of the printer and raise the top cover all the 
way. 

2 -Install the Developer Unit 

Take out the developer from the protective bag and install as follows. 




Developer Unit 



Give the developer unit a horizontal shake of several times. 



1-15 



Tapes 




_ Protective Cover 

Developer Unit 

Peel off the tapes, and remove the protective cover from the developer unit. 



Developer Unit 




Sealing Strip 



Carefully pull the sealing strip off. Dispose of the sealing strip. 



1-16 



Left end of the 
Developer unit 

Cutouts 




Right end of the 
Developer unit 



Developer Unit 



Install the developer unit in the printer, with its rear side inclined sightly as 
shown above. Align the left and right ends of the developer unit with the guid- 
ing cutouts in the printer. 



Developer Unit 




When the developer ends are placed correctly in the cutouts, push the 
developer unit lightly on top. 



1-17 



Connector 




Developer Unit 



Connect the connector in the printer to the matching one on the developer 
unit. 

3 -Supply Toner into the Developer 

This section follows 2— Install the Developer Unit. Before proceeding, make 
sure you have followed all necessary steps in the previous section. 



Note: 



The toner can not be supplied in the developer unit if the 
waste toner bottle is installed first. 




Toner Container 



Take the toner container from the toner kit. Give it a good shake (Shake it 5 
or 6 times) to loosen and mix the toner inside. 



Note: 



Do not pull the shutter on the toner container before the 
toner container is fitted to the developer unit. 



1-18 



.Toner Container 




Developer Unit 



Install the toner container onto the developer unit as shown above. Align the 
toner container so that its bottom is held by the four notches of the developer 
unit. 



Then, slide the toner container to the right so that it locks in. 



Note: 



Make sure that the toner container is properly locked on the 
developer unit. 



Toner Container 



Sealing Strip 




Developer Shutter 
(Pull out until it stops.) 



While holding the toner container locked in place, pull the developer shutter 
slowly towards the right side of the printer all the way until it stops. 



Note: 



If the shutter does not slide easily, check if the toner con- 
tainer is properly fitted on the developer unit. 



1-19 



Toner Conta : 




Developer 
Shutter 



Sealing 



The bottom of the toner container is sealed with a plastic strip. Peel off the 
seal on the toner container and carefully pull the sealing strip off. Dispose of 
the sealing strip. The toner container is now open at the bottom. 

Tap lightly several times on top of the toner container to knock off toner ad- 
hering to the sides. 



Toner Container 




Developer Shutter 



Push the shutter back in position. Be sure to push it back all the way to fully 
close the bottom of the toner container. If the shutter is not properly closed, 
the toner adhering to the sides in the container may be scattered outside when 
the container is removed. 

Remove the toner container using the reverse manner of step 2 and dispose it. 
(The toner container is made of a burnable material which generates no harm- 
ful gas when burning.) 



1-20 



4- Install the Waste Toner Bottle 

The waste toner bottle is in the toner kit supplied with the printer. The waste 
toner bottle must be installed in the printer. 

Install the waste toner bottle in the printer as shown below. Align the tabs on 
the bottle with the guiding slots in the printer and the developer unit. 



Waste Toner 
Bottle 




Developer Unit 



Push the waste toner bottle lightly on top to lock it in place, until a click is 
heard. 

5- Install the Fuser Cleaning Pad 



The fuser cleaning pad in the toner kit. The cleaning pad must be installed in 
the fuser unit. 



Cleaning Pad 



Fuser Unit 



Install the fuser cleaning pad into the rectangular opening on top of the fuser 
unit. 




1-21 



6- Close the printer's top cover 

Close the top cover by pressing the front left and right sides. 




Top Cover 



7 -Set Paper 



Note: 



Read the paper manufacture's instructions concerning hand- 
ling of the paper. 




Paper Cassette 



Set paper in the cassette. The side of paper that faces downward in the cas- 
sette is the one on which printing is done. The paper size must match the cas- 
sette size. Tap the edges of the paper to align them neatly, as shown above. 

Don't put in more paper than the limit indicated on the cassette. (The cassette 
should hold approximately 250 sheets of paper with 75 g/m 2 [20 lbs/ream] basis 
weight, 0.1 mm thickness.) 



1-22 




Push the paper under the clips at the two corners as shown above. 




While pushing the paper down in the cassette, insert the paper cassette into 
the cassette slot in the printer. Push it straight as far as it will go. 



1-23 



8- Install The Manual Feed Tray 

The installation of the manual feed tray is optional. With the paper tray in- 

SS i:;::z: r y feed paper of a wide -^ ° f *»* ^ ^- 



Paper Feed Unit 




Release Lever 



Pull the release lever as shown and draw out the paper feed unit halfway out. 

2, Paper Feed Unit 

Manual Feed Tray 




Insert the tabs on the manual feed tray into the slots in the 



paper feed unit. 



1-24 



9- Install the Face-down Output Tray 



Mount the face-down output tray as shown below. Press the tabs on the tray 
into the holes on top of the printer. Open the paper stopper as shown if you 
use legal size paper. 



Papei 



Press this tab until it is 
caught in the hole. 




Face-down Output Tray 



1-25 



10- Mount the Paper Stopper 



Depending on the size of the paper you will use, mount the paper stopper 
face-up output tray as shown below. 



on 



d 


I N 














■N 
























^_____ Legal size 
















A4 ciTO 














I 


^ 


'—I — ' 






- 


Letter size 






























J 


=J . v 












Paper Stopper 



Face-up Paper Tray 



1-26 



11 -Install the Face-up Output Tray 

If you want the printed pages stacked face-up (in reverse order), mount the 
face-up output tray as shown below. Printed pages are delivered into this tray 
face-up. 




Face-up Output Tray 

12- Attach the Power Cord 



1. Check that the main switch is off. 

2. Plug one end of the power cord into the receptacle at the back of the 
printer. 

3. Plug the other end into a wall outlet. 

13- Connect the Printer to the Computer 

The printer has two computer cable connectors and a slot for installing an op- 
tion interface. The one marked Parallel is for a parallel (Centronics standard) 
interface. The one marked RS-232C is for a serial interface. You may use whi- 
chever is convenient for your computer including the option interface, if you 
have already have one installed. All interface connectors can be used simul- 
taneously with different computers. For information on multi-computer en- 
vironment, refer to Appendix E section E.4. 

For details on the pin assignments of the cables, see Appendix E. Parallel ca- 
bles usually have the standard pin assignment, so there should be no problem. 
RS-232C cables tend to vary, however, so if you use an RS-232C cable you may 
have to resolder its internal wiring. 



1-27 



Parallel interface 

Plug one end of the cable into the connector marked Parallel on the printer. 
Close the clips on both sides to hold it in place. 

Plug the other end into a parallel (Centronics) interface connector on your 
computer. This connector is usually marked PRINTER. 

Serial interface 

Follow the instructions in Appendix F. 

Note: Connect or disconnect cables to the connectors while the 

printer is switched off. 

14- Test the Printer 

Test that the printer works by printing out a status page as follows. 

1. Switch on the printer's power (It does not matter whether the computer is 
, on or off). The message display should indicate 5 s t, and after 

a while, the O (ready) indicator should begin flashing. 

2. Wait until the printer's O (ready) indicator stops flashing and stays lit. 
Check that the ON LINE indicator is also lit and the message display indi- 
cates K 3 : :::i . 

3. Press the ■STrnusI key. The printer should print a page listing the positions of 
margins, memory allocations, and other information. 

A sample status printout is shown in Appendix A. 



1-28 



15-Test the Interface with the Computer 

To test that the printer and computer are correctly connected, have the com- 
puter command the printer to print a couple of lines of text. If you have con- 
nected the printer and computer with a parallel interface cable, follow the pro- 
cedure given next. If you are using an RS-232C cable, the procedure is similar, 
and is given in Appendix F together with the cabling instructions. 

1 . Check that the printer's message display indicates hi ^ and that the 
O (ready) and ON LINE indicators are on. 

2. Power up the computer in DOS mode. 

3. At the DOS prompt, type the following. 

OECHO IRJ STAT; PAGE;>PRN 

If the printer prints a status page, the computer and printer are connected cor- 
rectly. For details on the status page, refer to Appendix A. 

If you do not get this result, check that the cable is securely plugged in at both 
ends and repeat the test. If you still do not get the right result, you may have a 
defective or improperly-wired cable. Try using a different cable. 

16-Set the Emulation Mode 

The printer emulates the operation of any of six other printers. It is factory-set 
to emulate the HP LaserJet III at power-up. If you intend to use mainly soft- 
ware that supports LaserJet III or that supports the printer itself, the factory 
setting is the one you want, so you do not have to do anything. If you intend to 
use mainly software that supports another printer, it is convenient to change 
the printer's power-up emulation mode. 

The emulation mode can be changed by the printer control panel. To change 
the emulation mode, refer to page 2-25, Changing the Emulation . 



1-29 



1.5. Prolonged Non-Use and Moving the Printer 
Prolonged Non-Use 

If you ever leave the printer unused for a long period of time, remove the 
power cord from the wall outlet. We recommend you consult with your dealer 
about the additional actions you should take to avoid possible damages that 
may occur when the printer is used next time. 

Moving the Printer 

When you move the printer: 

• Move it gently. 

• Keep it as level as possible, to avoid spilling toner inside the printer. 

Note: Consult a serviceman before attempting long-distance trans- 

portation of the printer. 



1-30 



Chapter 2: 
Operating the Page 

Printer 



This chapter explains the printer's control panel and operating procedures. It 
covers the fundamental information you will need to know to use the page 
printer. 

Section 2.1 describes the printer's control panel. Tables list the functions of 
the keys and indicators. 

Section 2.2 gives detailed operating procedures. 

Sections 2.5 to 2.7 cover manual paper feed, print density adjustment, and IC 
card. 



2.1. Control Panel 



The printer control panel has a message display, keys, and indicators, as shown 
below. 




8V £, 



I 



Message Display 

The message display gives information in the form of short messages as ex- 
plained below, in a language you can select yourself (English, French, German, 
Danish, Swedish, Italian, or Spanish). To change the message language, refer 
to Selecting the Message Language, page 2-46. 

The six messages listed below are displayed during normal warm-up and print- 
ing. Other messages appear during mode selecting ( [mode SELECT !) procedures and 
when the printer needs attention (See Chapter 4, Troubleshooting). 



Message 


Meaning 




The printer is self-testing after power-up. 




The printer is warming up and is not ready. 




The printer is ready to print. 


P r o c e s s i n g 


The printer is receiving data, generating graphics, rereading an 
IC card, or printing. 


.;. • ; -:= 


The printer is waiting a command that the job is over before print- 


ing the last page. Pressing the (FORMFEED) key allows you to obtain 
the last page immediately. 




The printer is printing the last page after the waiting times out. 



2-2 



The message display also shows information about the currently active inter- 
face, size of paper, and the number of copies to print. 

The message display has three indicators in its bottom row— INTERFACE, 
SIZE, and COPIES. 

INTERFACE Indicator 

The printer has a parallel interface, a serial interface, and an open slot for in- 
stallation of an option interface for simultaneous use of different computers. 
The INTERFACE indicator indicates the current interface which is receiving 
data from the computer and being used exclusively. It flashes when the printer 
finished receiving data until the interface times out. After timing out, it then re- 
verts to steady indication of the interface, meaning that the interface was pre- 
viously in use. 

Standard parallel interface 
t. K RS-232C serial interface 

Optional interface (if installed) 

The control panel keys affect only the current interface which is indicated in 
the INTERFACE display. If you want to change settings on the different inter- 
faces while the printer is K y , you can manually switch the interface to 
the other by following the procedures described in Selecting the Interface for 
Control Panel, page 2-23. 



2-3 



SIZE Indicator 

This is the paper SIZE indicator. While the printer is K : d , it indicates: 

• the size of the current paper cassette (letter size for the U.S.A. and A4 for 
European countries), or 

• the legal size if paper is fed manually. 

The following abbreviation is used on the SIZE indicator to indicate various 
paper sizes besides A4, A5, and B5. 





Letter (8-1/2 x 11 inches) 




International C5 (16.2 x 22.9 cm)* 




Legal (8-1/2 x 14 inches) 




Executive (7-1/4 x 10-1/2 inches) 




Monarch (3-7/8 x 7-1/2 inches)* 




Commercial 9 (3-7/8 x 8-7/8 inches)* 




Business (4-1/8 x 9-1/2 inches)* 




Commercial 6-3/4 (3-5/8 x 6-1/2 in- 
ches)* 




International DL (1 1 x 22 cm)* 



Only if the optional envelope feeder is installed. 



During the printer is r n 9 data to print, the SIZE indicator indi- 

cates the size of paper which is formatted by the paper size command in the 
data to be printed. 

Symbolic Indicators 

The symbolic indicators light during normal operation and when the printer 
needs attention. 



Indicator 


Name 


Description 


o 


Ready 
indicator 


Flashes when the printer is warming up. 
Lights when the printer is ready to print, or is print- 
ing. 

Goes off when power is switched off, or an error oc- 
curs. 




C3 


Face-down 
stack indicator 


Lights to indicate when printed pages are delivered 
to the face-down tray. 




1 







2-4 



Indicator 


Name 


Description 






Face-up 
stack indicator 


Lights to indicate when printed pages are delivered 
to the face-up tray. 


i i 


1 






l£j 


Toner indicator 


Flashes when the toner supply is low, to request 
replenishing the toner supply. See section 3.2. 


i — i 


Cassette feed 
indicator 


Lights to indicate when paper is fed from the paper 
feed cassette. 


93 


Manual feed 
indicator 


Lights to indicate when paper is fed from the manual 
feed tray or the option envelope feeder, if installed. 


f 


Service 
indicator 


Lights when an engine or controller error occurs. The 
printer stops printing. Call a service person for repair. 


ON LINE 


On-line 
indicator 


Lights when the printer is on-line. The printer prints 
received data. 

Goes off when the printer is off-line. The printer 
stores but does not print received data. 


ATTENTION 


Attention 
indicator 


Lights when a problem or an error occurs which may 
be cleared by user. (For example, the paper feed cas- 
sette is empty.) Read the message in the message 
display and consult chapter 4. 
Flashes when the printer needs maintenance atten- 
tion. Read the message on the message display and 
consult chapter 4. 


D 


Portrait 
indicator 


Lights when the printer is set to print in portrait orien- 
tation. 


L3> 


Landscape 
indicator 


Lights when the printer is set to print in landscape 
orientation. 



2-5 



Control Keys 



The table below summarizes the functions of the control panel keys. Most of 
these keys are used when the message display indicates R e y and affect 
on only the current interface. The [ FORMFEED ) key, however, operates only while 
the message display indicates 



Key 


Function 




Selects whether printed pages are delivered to the face-down 
or face-up tray. 


STACK SELECT 


FEED SELECT) 


Selects the cassette feed or manual feed. 


ION LINE] 


Switches the printer on-line and off-line. 


PAGE ORIENTATION) 


Switches between portrait and landscape page orientations. 


ICOPYi 


Displays the current copy count setting. A new copy count 
can be entered. 


ICftNCETl 


Abandons a printing job, resets numeric values, or cancels a 
setting procedure. 




Prints a page of status information on all interfaces together 
(The printer must be on-line.). Used as the M key in the 
mode selection function. 


STATOSl 


FORMFEED) 
(►) 


Prints and feeds out one page. Used as the ► key in the 
mode selection function. 


A and V 


Let you access the desired item or enter numeric values. In 
some of the control procedures, the M (1 STATOSl) and ► 
(1 FORMFEED!) keys are used to enter or exit the sub menus. 




Used to select the interface for making settings on the control 
panel, set the number of copies to print, to select the emula- 
tion, font, character code set, to re-read an IC card, to select 
the automatic cassette mode, and others (See page 2-36). 


MODE SELECT) 


I ENTER 


Finalizes numeric values and other selections. 



Most of the panel functions can also be controlled by PRESCRIBE II com- 
mands or commands generated by application software. The printer obeys 
panel settings or commands whichever accepted most recently. 

Some of the panel settings are also made on a permanent basis with the PRE- 
SCRIBE II FRPO (Firmware RePrOgram) command. 



2-6 



2.2. Operating Procedures 

Switching Power On 

Check that the power cord is securely plugged in at both ends. 

Check that the printer is connected to the computer. In switching power on, 
the general rule is to switch on printer power first, computer power second. 

1. Push in the main switch. 

Main Switch 




2. Wait for the printer to warm up. During warm-up the O (ready) indicator 
flashes and the message display indicates be 

At the end of the warm-up period, the O (ready) indicator stops flashing, the 
ON LINE indicator lights, and the message display indicates K 



If the ON LINE indicator does not light, press the on line i key to set the printer 
on-line. 

The printer is now ready to print. 



2-7 



Stack Selection 

The ' 'stack select ) key selects the tray to which the printed pages are delivered. 



The i STflCK select ! key can be used whenever the message display indicates 



Press the I strck select ] key. The selection cycles and is displayed in the message 
display in the following order: 



Face-down 
Face-up 




The current selection is indicated by a green light 
on the printer symbol above the key. 

The stack selection is interface-dependent and does not affect the other inter- 
face^). 



2-8 



Feed Selection 

The i feed select i key selects the paper feed cassette or manual feed tray (or the 
option paper feeders, if installed) as the paper source. 



The I feed select ) key can be used whenever the message display indicates 
'-:* . It can also be used when the message display indicates I •••! 
!■"■ during printing. 



Press the [ feed select ) key. The selection cycles and is displayed in the message 
display in the following order: 



The current selection is indicated by a green light 
on the printer symbol above the key. 




Manual 
feed tray 



Paper feed 
cassette 



or; 



(if the option paper feeder is installed.) 
(if the second option paper feeder is installed.) 
r (if the envelope feeder is installed.) 



The READY indicator on the corresponding option paper feeder also lights if 
the feeder is selected. The manual feed (L7?) indicator also lights when the en- 
velope feeder is selected. 

The feed selection is interface-dependent and does not affect the other inter- 
face^). 



2-9 



On-line/Off-line Setting 

By pressing the ; MM > key you can change the printer between the on-line 
state, in which it prints the data it receives from the computer, and the off-line 
state, in which it stores the data for printing later. 

1 . Make sure that the message display indicates R d y . 

2. Press the 'online) key. 

If the printer is on-line, it changes to off-line. 

If the printer is off-line, it changes back to on-line. 

The ON LINE indicator lights when the printer is on-line. 

Going off-line may or may not halt communication between the printer and 
computer, depending on details of the current interface. While off-line, the 
printer continues to accept any data that arrive until the current interface buff- 
er is full, at which point it instructs the computer to stop sending data. Data 
stored while off-line are printed when the printer is returned to the on-line 
state. 



2-10 



Temporary Print Pause 

The printer can be stopped temporarily during a printing job. For example, 
you can pause near the beginning of a long job to check that the output is cor- 
rectly formatted before proceeding. 

This procedure can be used while the printer is \~' 

1. Press the ' online i key. The ON LINE indicator goes off. 
The printer stops printing after finishing the current page. 

2. To continue printing, press the [ online I key again. The ON LINE indicator 
goes on. The printer resumes printing from the point at which it stopped. 

If you would abandon the current printing job, first halt the computer to send 
printing data, then press the [ cancel 1 key. 

Depending on the interface, the computer may continue to send data while the 
printer is in its temporary pause. These data are stored in the printer's buffer 
without being printed. When the printer's buffer becomes full, the printer 
sends a signal instructing the computer to wait before sending more data. No 
data are lost. 



2-11 



Changing the Page Orientation 

By pressing the (PflGEoranmnfi key you can switch between the portrait (upright) 
and landscape (sideways) page orientations. 

The page orientation can be set whenever the message display indicates 



Press the . page orientation i key. 

If the page orientation is portrait, it changes to landscape. 

If the page orientation is landscape, it changes to portrait. 

The D (portrait) or a (landscape) indicator lights to indicate the current orien- 
tation. 



Note: 



In most cases the printer automatically adjusts the page 
orientation each time the font is changed. In particular, this 
is normally done in the IBM and HP LaserJet III emula- 
tions. For details, see the PRESCRIBE II FTMD (FonT 
MoDe) command in the TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual. 



2-12 



Setting the Copy Count 

With the i CQPY l key you can set the number of copies to be printed of each page 
for the current interface. The copy count can be set from 1 to 999. 

The copy count can be set whenever the message display indicates K 'J . 

1. Press the j Copy] key. The message display shows the current copy count and 
a cursor ( ) blinking under the copy count. 

2. To increase the copy count, press the A key; to decrease the copy count, 
press the V key, as many times as desired. 

You can use the illuminated -^ ([ status] ) and ► (i formfeed] ) keys to move the 
cursor back and forth through the figures to rapidly set a large copy count. 

If you enter the wrong count, clear it by pressing the (cancel] key, then enter 
the count again. 



If you want to abandon the copy count setting procedure, press the (cancel] 
key now. The old copy count remains unchanged. 

3. Press the f enter] key to set the new copy count. The message display returns 
to 



2-13 



Abandoning a Printing Job 

You can abandon a printing job before it is completed. If the printer is simul- 
taneously receiving data on more than one interface, you can selectively cancel 
the printing job on a particular interface. 

This procedure can be used while the message display indicates 

1. Halt the printing program on the computer. The printer continues to print 
the data it has already received. It is a good idea to set the printer to off- 
line first of all. 

2. Press the ( chnceT j key. The message display indicates F' r :i. 

:•' and also the interface on which data are arriving by the one of the fol 
lowing messages. 



r"! (if installed) 

3. Press the iJEter; key. This clears the printing job on the interface indicated 
on the message display. 

Note: If th e printer is receiving data simultaneously on its inter- 

faces, you must be sure which interface the job you wish to 
abandon is on. With ! ! e 1 indicated on the 

message display, press the A key repeatedly until the inter- 
face^ is displayed on the message display. Then, press the 
' enter ,; key to abandon the job. 

When a few pages have been printed out, the printer stops, ready to begin the 
next job. 

Note: If you do not stop the computer program first, after the 

printer executes the printing halt, it immediately starts print- 
ing again as it continues to receive data from the computer. 



2-14 



Status Printout 

If you want to check the printer's current status, including available memory 
space, and option settings, you can find the information you need on the status 
page. To print out a status page, the printer must be on-line. Proceed as fol- 
lows. 

1. Make sure the message display indicates K y . 

2. Press the i stotus i key. The printer prints a page of status information. 

The message display indicates F' n 9 during printing of the status 

page, then returns to K e 'd . 

You can abandon printing the status page by the following manner. 

1. When the message display shows P n 9 , press the cancel key. 
The message display shows !™ : e I /' ; Q b . 

2. To cancel printing the status page, press the [ enter ] key. The message dis- 
play returns to K 3 : ::: ! . 

For a full description of the status page, see Appendix A, Status Page. 

If a status page jams while being printed, open the printer's top cover, or the 
paper feed unit, clear the jam, close the printer's top cover, or the paper feed 
unit, then press the ONLINE ' key to set the printer back on-line. The status page 
will be printed automatically. 

A status page covers information on all interfaces. You may not switch the in- 
terface to the other even in case you need information on the other interface. 



2-15 



Form Feed 



Depending on your software, there is sometimes a delay before the printer 
prints the last page of a job. This occurs when the printer is not informed by a 
code or command that the job is over. 

If you wait a while, the printer will eventually time out and print the last page 
th e y «°ke W y ant t0 W3it ' y ° U ^ ° btain thC P ^ immediatel y ^ pressing 8 " 

S'^s^aTu rl? WHen ^ PrintCr " ° n " Hne and ^ meSSagC diS " 
The iMm key does not operate while the printer is off-line. Form feed af- 
l^ffi^*^ U WU1 ^ f6ed ° Ut a ^ ^ ^ be * *» 



2-16 



2.3. Using the Mode Select Menus 

This section explains how to use the mode select menu. The i mode select] key on the 
control panel allows you to use the mode select menus to set or change the 
printer environment such as the number of copies to make, emulation, code set, 
etc., to your specific needs. 

Unless otherwise noted, any change made to the menu items does not affect the 
environment on the other interfaces. 

The following items can be selected by using the [ mode select] , A and V, and | enter ) 
keys. Also, the diagram on page 2-21 gives quick reference to the full menu op- 
tions and the sequence of selection. 



2-17 



Mode Select Menu 



Item 


Function 


Default Setting 




Selects the interface on which the con- 
trol panel settings affect. 


Parallel 




Changes the emulation mode on the 
current interface. The ► key allows ac- 
cess to submenu > C o d ■;;■■ or 


HP LaserJet III 




Selects the font for the current inter- 
face. Submenus allow selection of 
whether the font is bit-mapped or scal- 
able. Refer to Font submenu on next 
page. 


Bitmap 




Rereads information from the IC 
card(s) installed in the IC card slots. 


- 




Selects the size of envelope for the op- 
tional envelope feeder. Available only 
when the printer is installed with the 
optional envelope feeder (EF-1). 


International DL 
(FS-1500) 
Business 
(FS-1500A) 




Selects one of the automatic paper 
cassette switching modes. Available 
only when the printer is installed with 
the optional paper feeder (PF-5). 


None 




By pressing the ► (FORMFEED ) key and 
A and V keys, the following items 
can be selected: 

To set the formfeed time-out time; to 
print in hexadecimal dump mode; to 
print a list of resident fonts; to reset 
the printer; to set the RS-232C 
parameters, linefeed and carriage- 
return action, panel keep mode, and 
the message language; to read the 
total pages printed, and to optimize 
the KIR level. 





For items with the > mark on the message display, the ► (formfeed ) key lets you 
go down to the sub menus which give access to more items relevant to the main 
item. Following tables show all submenus achieved in the El! 

and U s menus. 



2-1E 



Emulation Submenu 



Item 


Function 


Default Setting 




Selects the code set for the current 
font. The available code sets differ 
depending on the current emulation. 
The Code set submenu is unavail- 
able in KC-GL. 


ISO-6 ASCII 
(HP LaserJet III) 




Sets the thickness for eight pens in 
the KC-GL emulation. 


01 dot(s) 



Font Submenu 



Item 


Function 


Default Setting 




Selects a bitmap font for the current 
font. 


00001 


.■ : ' [font name ] 


Selects a scalable font for the current 
font. 


Dutch801SWC- 
Bold 




Sets the size of the scalable font in 
points. 


12.00 



IC-Card Submenu 



Item 


Function 


Default Setting 




Reads font information from IC card 
for downloading. 


- 




Reads information of macros, fonts, 
etc., in a partition from IC card. 


- 




Prints a list of partitions in IC card. 


— 



"Others" Submenu 



Item 


Function 


Default Setting 




Adjusts the time-out time, absence 
of data for which causes a form 
feed. 


30 seconds 




Prints formatted hexadecimal data 
codes for debugging programs 
and files. 





2-19 



Item 


Function 


Default Setting 




Prints a list of all resident bitmap 
and scalable fonts in the printer. 


— 




Resets the printer's temporary con- 
ditions, such as font and margins, 
to the default state. 






By pressing the ► ((FORMFEED 1 ) key, 

sets the following RS-232C 

parameters: 

Baud rate 

Data bits 

Stop bits 

Parity 

Protocol 


9600 

8 

1 

None 

DTR(pos.)&XON 




Selects the linefeed action among 
LF only, CR and LF, and Ignore LF. 


LF only 




Selects the carriage-return action 
among CR only, CR and LF, and 
Ignore CR. 


CR only 




Determines whether to keep set- 
tings made on the control panel 
permanently. 


On 




Selects the language of the mes- 
sages on the message display. 


English 


;:::- :::-. Ci ::::• ■:::, ;:::■ ;■■'■ -; :■-: t ^ -.:::: r-l 


Displays the total number of pages 
printed. 


— 




Selects the KIR mode level from 
None, Light, Medium, and Dark. 
Also allows to print a test pattern 
for optimization of the effect. 


None 



These items are explained in detail on the following pages. 

The diagram on next page gives quick reference to the full menu options and the 
sequence of selection. The vertical transition of selection in the diagram is 
achieved by. the A and V keys; and the horizontal transition is achieved by the M 
and ► keys. 



2-20 







Mode Select Menu and Sequence 


i MODE SELECT ; 










^| 












H 










"*iH ,c ^ i 




— ^ 


;; K 


-en ■ !,.! ■ :-•,•. ■•• 




'H> u 






' k 










I 


n 




1 






■ 










■ 






■ 










■ 








(To be continued on next page) 



2-21 



(Continued) 



("Others" submenu) 



1 
























■1 








Z30 






















!:::. n 9 .1. 1 S h 




■ 


:i g e s 


; H«K'K,,,, 



2-22 



Selecting the Interface for Control Panel 

The printer has a parallel interface, a serial interface, and an open slot for installa- 
tion of an option interface for the simultaneous use of different computers. 

Because most control panel settings are interface-dependent (they affect the cur- 
rently active interface only), it is sometimes convenient to switch the interface 
from the control panel. This can be done as follows. 

1. Press the f mode SELECT ) key whenever the message display indicates R e y . 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 

e . The current interface will be indicated by one of the follow- 
ing messages: 



r"! (if installed) 

3. Press the i enter i key. The message display shows a blinking question mark (?). 

4. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired interface is displayed. 

If you want to abandon the interface selection procedure, press the [cancel] key 
now. The interface remains unchanged. 

5. Press the' [ enter ! key. 

6. Press the ( mode select] key and the message display returns to R y . 

Selecting an interface in the above manner does not mean that the printer is fixed 
to receive data from the computer through that interface only. The printer auto- 
matically selects whichever interface data are arriving subsequently and uses that 
interface exclusively until it times out. 



2-23 



Setting the Copy Count (using MODE SELECT) 

By selecting i '•■; ■;-, m the mode select menu, you can set 

the number of copies to be printed of each page. The copy count can be set from 
1 to 999. 

The copy count can also be changed by using the [copy ] key. The procedure ex- 
plained below may be used when you would change the copy count on the other 
interface. (You must first select the interface to change the copy count by follow- 
ing the procedures given in page 2-23.) 

1. Press the ( mode select] key whenever the message display indicates R e cl y . 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 



The current copy count is also indicated in the display. 

3. To change the copy count, press the i enter i key. The message display shows a 
cursor ( ) blinking under the copy count. 

4. To increase the copy count, press the A key; to decrease the copy count, 
press the V key, as many times as desired. 

You can use the illuminated M (( status )) and ► ( fFORMFEED l) keys to move the cur- 
sor back and forth through the figures to rapidly set a large copy count. 

If you enter the wrong count, clear it by pressing the ( cmceD key, then enter the 
count again. 

If you want to abandon the copy count setting procedure, press the i mncel) key 
now. The old copy count remains unchanged. 

5. Press the i enter i key to set the new copy count. 

6. Press the i mode select ) key and the message display returns to R e d y . 



2-24 



Changing the Emulation 

The printer's current emulation mode on the current interface can be changed by 
using the mode select menu. 

1. Press the i mode select ) key when the message display indicates K e y . 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 

p'i u ]. !•"! . The current emulation is indicated by one of the following 

messages: 



3. To change the emulation, press the f ENTER ) key. The message display shows a 
blinking question mark (7). 

4. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired emulation mode is indi- 
cated. 

If you want to abandon the emulation change procedure, press the ( cancel ) key 
now. The emulation remains unchanged. 

5. Press the ( enter ) key. 

6. Press the ( MODE select ) key and the message display returns to 

After changing the emulation, you have the option to change the character code 
set. The available character code sets vary depending on the current emulation. 
Procedures are given below. 



2-25 



Changing the Character Code Set 



The emulation changing menu has submenus for selection of the character code 
set. The submenu can be entered while the message display indi- 

cates t. n (and the current emulation setting). 

This submenu is not available when the current emulation is KC-GL. 

1. First refer to Changing the Emulation above and let the message display indi- 
cate !:::.;■; U "' ''' 



2. Press the ► key. The message display will indicate 
current code set. 



:. and the 



Depending on the current emulation, the code set will be indicated by one of 
the following messages: 



HP LaserJet III 



IBM Proprinter 

X-24E or 

Line Printer 



DIABLO 630 



EPSON LQ-850 



Bitmap and Scalable Fonts 



ISO-6 ASCII 
ISO- 10 Sweden 
ISO-11 Sweden 
ISO- 14 Japan 
ISO-15 Italian 
ISO-16 Portugal 
ISO-17 Spain 
ISO-21 Germany 
ISO-25 France 
ISO-57 China 
ISO-60 Norway 
ISO-61 Norway 
ISO-69 France 
ISO-84 Portugal 
ISO-85 Spain 
HP Roman-8 
HP Extension 
HP German 
HP Spanish 
ECMA-94 Latin 1 
US Legal 
IBM PC-8 
IBM PC-8(D/N) 
IBM PC-850 
ISO-2 IRV 
ISO-4 U.K. 



IBM US 
IBM D/N 
IBM PC-850 
IBM PC-860 
IBM PC-863 
IBM PC-865 
US Legal 



DIABLO US 
DIABLO France 
DIABLO Germany 
DIABLO U.K. 
DIABLO Denmark 
DIABLO Sweden 
DIABLO Italy 
DIABLO Spain 
DIABLO Japan 
US Legal 



LQUS 
LQ France 
LQ Germany 
LQ U.K. 
LQ Denmark 
LQ Sweden 
LQ Italy 
LQ Spain 
LQ Japan 
LQ Norway 
LQ Denmark 2 
LQ Spain 2 
Latin America 
IBM US 
IBM D/N 
IBM PC-850 
IBM PC-860 
IBM PC-863 
IBM PC-865 



2-26 



HP LaserJet III 


IBM Proprinter 

X-24E or 

Line Printer 


DIABLO 630 


EPSON LQ-850 


Scalable Fonts 
Only 




Ventura math 
Ventura int'l 
Ventura US 
PS math 
PS text 
Math8 
Pi font 

MS publishing 
Windows 
Desktop 
Ventura Ding* 
PS Ding* 
Dingbat 100* 
Dingbat 200* 
Dingbat 300* 


* Available only when the current font is ZapfDingbats. 



3. Press the Center" ) key. The message display shows a blinking question mark ( '■:' ). 

4. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired code set is displayed. 



If you want to abandon the code set changing procedure, press the f CflNCELl key 
now. The current code set remains unchanged. 

5. Press the i enter ] key. 

6. Press the ( MODE SELECT ] key and message display returns to K y . 



2-27 



Setting the KC-GL Pen Width 

The emulation changing menu has the submenu for setting the KC-GL pen 
widths. This submenu can be entered while the message display indicates 
or; and the current emulation setting is KC-GL 

1. First refer to Changing the Emulation above and let the message display indi- 
cate IE Pi i rj !•■'; > and !< C G ! 

2. Press the ► key. The message display will indicate > dt h. 

3. Press the i ENTER! key. The message display shows a cursor ( ) blinking under 
the unit's digit of the current pen width of pen 1. 

4. To enter the new pen width, press the A key to increase the width; and press 
the V key to decrease the width one dot by one dot. 

5. Press the M or ► key to move the cursor to ten's digit. 

The m aximum pen width is 99 dots. If you set the wrong width, press the 
[CANCEL] key. Try entering the correct width. 

6. Perform the same procedure as step 4 to enter the ten's digit of the desired 
width. 

7. When the desired pen width is displayed, press the [enter) key. 
This completes setting the pen width for pen 1. 

8. Press the A key. The message display now indicates the thickness of pen 2. 
Follow the same procedure to set the pen width. 

9. Continue in the same way up to pen 8. When you have finished, press the 
I ENTER j key. 

Note: An extremely large pen width may cause dashed or dotted lines 

to become solid. 



2-28 



Font Selection 

The F i menu allows you to select the font. The font can be a resident font 
or a nonresident font which has been downloaded from the IC card or the com- 
puter. You can select a bitmap font by its font number and a scalable font by its 
name or identification code if the scalable font is nonresident. 

If you would select a nonresident font, it must be downloaded from the computer 
or the IC cards into the printer's memory before performing the font selection. 
See Rereading the IC Cards section, later in this chapter for details on how to 
download fonts from IC cards. 

The names of the resident scalable fonts appear on the message display exactly 
the same as listed in the font lists in the printer's TECHNICAL REFERENCE 
manual. Nonresident scalable fonts will be shown on the message display with 
each own identification code designated internally when they were downloaded. 
To identify the name and type of the downloaded scalable fonts represented by 
the identification code, you will need to refer to the documentation accompanying 
the font downloading software. 

A quick reference of all resident bitmap and scalable fonts is given in the 
printer's TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual. Also, a list of resident fonts can be 
printed by following the instructions on page 2-39. 

The font selection procedure takes the following steps: 

• tell the printer whether the desired font is a bitmap font or a scalable font, 
and 



• select the font by its number or its name, and 

• if the font is a scalable font, size its height (4.00 to 999.75 points). 
To select a font, proceed as follows. 
Selecting a Bitmap Font 

1. Press the i m ode select ; key when the printer's message display indicates K 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the massage display indicates 

>. The message display also indicates whether the current font is a 
bitmap font ( : 5 t ::; : ) or a scalable font (..:: -\' : ). 



2-29 



3. If the message display is: 



Press the enter i key. The message display will indicate a blinking question 
mark (Y) as ?Sca ab e . 

4. Press the A or V key. 

The massage display changes to 13 F . 

5. Press the ; enter i key. The question mark goes out. 

6. Press the ► key. The message display indicates the current bitmap font by its 
number. For example: 



7. To change the font, press the (enter) key. The message display will indicate a 
blinking question mark as '? 

8. Press the A key until the desired font number is displayed. (Generally, HP 
bitmap soft fonts have font number of 50000 and up.) 

Press the V key to change the font number in the reverse order. 

9. When the desired bitmap font is displayed, press the i enter! key. The question 
mark goes out. 



10. Press the i mode select! key and the message display returns to 
This completes selecting a bitmap font. 



2-30 



Selecting a Scalable Font 

1. Press the M ODE select i key when the printer's message display indicates K 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the massage display indicates 

> . The message display also indicates whether the current font is a 
bitmap font (!: < F ) or a scalable font (::■ '" ii 1 i; ■ )• 

3. If the message display is: 



Press the i enter key. The message display will indicate a blinking question 
mark (Y) as Y 



4. Press the A or V key. 
The massage display changes to Y c 

5. Press the i ENTER! key. The question mark goes out. 

6. Press the ► key. The message display indicates the first scalable font in the 
printer's memory. For example: 



7. To change the font, press the enter key. The message display will indicate a 
blinking question mark as I ..., for example. 

8. Press the A key until the desired font is displayed. The scalable fonts that 
were loaded from an IC card or from the computer are selected by its own 
identification code. 

Press the V key to change the font in the reverse order. 

9. When the desired font is displayed, press the enter key. The question mark 
goes out. 

Next, we size the selected scalable font. Proceed as follows. 



2-31 



10. Press the A key. The message display changes to 
size setting in unit of point. For example, 



and the current 



11. Press the enter key. The message display indicates a blinking cursor ( ) as 



12. To enter the new font size, press the A key to increase and press the V key 
to decrease the size in 0.25 point increments. 

You can use the illuminated M (i STfliuS j) or ► ( Tdrmfeed ) key to move the cur- 
sor back and forth through the figures to rapidly set a large font size. 

The minimum font size is 4.00 point and the maximum is 999.75 points. If you 
set the wrong size, press the i cancel i key. Try entering the correct size. 

13. When the desired size is indicated, press the I E NTER ) key. 

14. Press the i mode select key and the message display returns to R ■= 



2-32 



Rereading an IC Card 

Although information is read from IC cards into the printer's memory at power- 
up, if necessary, deleted information can be reread from IC cards into memory by 
the procedure below. 



1. Press the mode select i key when the message display indicates 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 



3. Press the ► ( formfeed ]) key. The message display indicates > 



4. Pressing the A or V key repeatedly toggles the message display with the fol- 
lowing messages. 



reads fonts from the IC card containing font information. 



:::: should be used if the IC card has information of macros, 
forms, etc., which are usually stored in different segments separated with par- 
titions each given a name in the IC card. 



a in step 4, the name of the partition from 



If you selected 

which the information is read is also displayed. 

If you want to read the information from other partition, press the (ewer) key. 
Then press the A or V key until the desired partition name is displayed. 
When the desired partition name is displayed, press the ' enter ] key again. 

: prints a list of all partition names stored in 
the IC card(s) for your quick reference. 

Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired message is displayed. 



2-33 



5. Press the enter ; key. The message display shows a blinking question mark (?). 

If you want to abandon the IC card rereading procedure, press the ( CANCEL ) key. 
The message display returns to K y . 

If you want to abandon printing the list of partitions, proceed as follows. 



(1.) When the message display shows 
key. The message display shows P 



"i 9 , press the [ cancel ) 



(2.) To cancel printing the list of partition, press the (ENTER ) key. The message 
display returns to K y . 

To read the IC card, press the (enter) key again. The printer begins rereading 
the IC card. The message display indicates r n 9 while the IC 

card is being read, then returns to i : : y (K s when having 

reread fonts). 



If you selected 

out the list of partitions for the IC card. 



& in above, the printer prints 



2-34 



Changing the Page Orientation (using MODE SELECT) 



By selecting i™' a 9 a n in the mode select menu, you can 

switch between the portrait (upright) and landscape (sideways) page orientations. 

The page orientation can also be changed by using the fPflGE ORIENTA TION j key. The pro- 
cedure explained below may be used when you would change the page orientation 
on the other interface. (You must first select the interface to change the page 
orientation by following the procedures given in page 2-23.) 

1. Press the ( mode select] key when the message display indicates H 'd . 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 

l !..: !■'!. The message display also indicates the current 
page orientation by one of the following messages: 



3. To change the page orientation, press the \ enter i key. The message display 
shows a blinking question mark (■:'). 

4. Press the A or V key. 

If the page orientation is portrait, it changes to landscape. If the page orienta- 
tion is landscape, it changes to portrait. 

5. Press the ( enter! key. The page orientation is changed. 

6. Press the f MODE select) key and the message display returns to K y . 

Note: In most cases the printer automatically adjusts the page orien- 

tation each time the font is changed. In particular, this is nor- 
mally done in the IBM and HP LaserJet III emulations. For 
details, see the PRESCRIBE II FTMD (font mode) command in 
the TECHNICAL REFERENCE MANUAL. 



2-35 



"Others" Mode Selection Menus 

The mode selection items described in the following pages can be accessed in the 
-• sub menu. To enter the U -■ sub menu, press the ► ( Tformfeed i) 

key while the message display indicates ■ . : . 

1. To select the Others menus, press the i mode select ) key when the message display 
indicates K y . 

2. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 



If you want to abandon entering the U > submenu, press the 

i mode select : key. The message display returns to K '-> . 

3. Press the ► (i formfeed Q key to enter into the submenu. To go back to the main 
menu, press the -^ ( stotus)) key. 



2-36 



Others/Time-Out Setting 

If the printer receives no data for a certain time, it times out and releases the cur- 
rent interface: it prints whatever data it has in its buffer and feeds out the page. 
You can adjust the time-out time as follows: 

1. First, follow the procedure described on page 2-36 so that the message dis- 
play indicates U > . 

2. Press the ► ( formfeed ) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates > 



4. Press the Tenter ! key. The message display shows a cursor ( ) blinking under 
the current time-out time value. 

5. To increase the time-out time, press the A key; to decrease the time-out time, 
press the V key as many times as desired. Any value from to 495 can be 
entered in 5-second increments. 

If you set the time-out time to 0, the printer never times out. The current inter- 
face is then fixed for use continuously. 

You can use the illuminated ■< or ► key to move the cursor back and forth 
through the figures to rapidly set a large time-out time value. 

If you enter the wrong number, clear it by pressing the conceU key, then enter 
the number again. 

If you want to abandon the time-out setting procedure at any point, press the 
mode select I key. The original time setting remains unchanged. 

6. Press the i enter i key. The new time-out time is set. 

7. Press the ' mode select ! key. The message display returns to R 



2-37 



Others/Hexadecimal Dump 

When you are debugging programs and files, it is sometimes helpful to see the ac- 
tual data codes received by the printer. A formatted hexadecimal printout of the 
data codes can be obtained as follows. 

1. Follow the procedure described in page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates 



2. Press the ► ( formfeed ') key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 

4. Press the i enter ) key again. The message display indicates a question mark (?). 

If you want to abandon the start of the hexadecimal dump, press the 
[" cancel "; key. 

5. Press the (enter' key. The message display indicates F ! i" ; 1 9 , then 



6. Start printing. The data codes received from the computer are printed in hex- 
adecimal form. (Printable codes are also given in character form to the right.) 

Be sure to start printing promptly. Otherwise the printer will time out and 
exit hexadecimal dump mode. 

The hexadecimal dump ends when the data ends (causing a time-out) or 
when the PRESCRIBE II ENDD command is encountered in the file. 

The formfeed; key does not operate in the hexadecimal dump mode. 



2-38 



Others/Font Sample 

To help in selecting fonts, you can have the printer print a list of the resident 
fonts. 

1. Follow the procedure described on page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates 



2. Press the ► (["f ormfe ed"!) key. 

3. Press the A or V key until the message display indicates > 



4. Press the enter ] key. The message display indicates a question mark (Y). 

If you want to abandon printing the list of resident fonts, proceed as follows. 

(1.) When the message display shows -'i , press the cancel 

key The message display shows ; / 



(2.) To cancel printing the list of resident fonts, press the I ENTER] key. The mes- 
sage display returns to K 



5. Press the ' ENTER 1 key again. The message display indicates 

then K y . The printer prints a list of all its resident fonts with a short 

sample of each. 

The font list includes the typeface names and short samples of all bitmap and 
scalable fonts. 



2-39 



Others/Resetting the Printer 

The procedure described below resets the printer's temporary conditions, such as 
the current unit of measurement, page orientation, font, character code set, mar- 
gins, etc., set by commands to their default values. 

1. Follow the procedure described on page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates U i, i •"■ >. 

2. Press the ► ( formfeed ) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 



4. Press the I enter ; key. The message display indicates a question mark (?). 

If you want to abandon the printer resetting procedure, press the ( crnceD key. 

5. Press the ENTER i key again. The message display will indicate S >=■ I f t 
while the printer is resetting itself, then R : ::: i . 

Unlike the PRESCRIBE II RES command, which also resets the temporary 
changes made by other commands in a program or file, the printer resetting pro- 
cedure deletes macros and fonts from memory; deletes positions and fonts stored 
by the SCP and SCF command; and resets font attributes set by the SFA com- 
mand. 

The printer resetting procedure does not reset the changes made by the FRPO 
command to the printer's default parameters and stored in the permanent 
memory. To reset those parameters to the factory-set values, use the FRPO INIT 
command. 



2-40 



Others/Changing RS-232C Parameters 

If you experience trouble with RS-232C communications, you can change the RS- 
232C parameters by following the procedure below. 

1. Follow the procedure described in page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates U t, e ! •"• ::::■ / . 

2. Press the ► Qftjrmfeed)) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 



4. Press the ► (formfeed)) key again. The message display indicates 

e and the current baud rate setting. 

5. Press the i enter j key. The message display now indicates a blinking question 
mark (7). 

6. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired baud rate is displayed. The 
message display will show a selection of baud rates in the following sequence. 
(The V key cycles in the reverse order.): 



7. Press the f enter i key. The baud rate is changed and the question mark disap- 
pears. 

8. To continue setting RS-232C parameters, press the A key. The message dis- 
play indicates > •£ i:"' ! 

9. Press the f ENTER) key. The message display now indicates a blinking question 
mark (7). 

10. Press the A or V key. If the number of data bits is 7, it changes to 8, or vice 
versa. 



2-41 



11. Then press the i enter i key. The new data bit setting is set and the question 
mark disappears. 

Similarly, you can set the number of stop bits. Press the A key. The message 
display now indicates the current stop bits. Press the i enter! and A keys until 
the desired number of stop bits ("1" or "2") is displayedTthen press (eSter) key. 

You can then set the parity. Press the A key. The message display now indi- 
cates the current parity selection. Press the (enter) and A keys to select the par- 
ity. The parity selections are: 



When the desired parity is displayed, press the [enter] key. 

Finally, you can set the protocol. Press the A key. The message display indi- 
cates the current protocol selection. Press the [enter i and A keys to select the 
protocol. The protocol selections are: 



The DTR (pos.)&XON selects both the C 



. ■'• and 



> simultaneously. When the desired protocol is selected, press 

the i ENTER; key. 

12. Press the MDrJESELECTi key to complete the RS-232C parameter setting procedure. 

The selected parameters remain in effect even when the printer's power is 
switched off. 

Set your computer to the same parameter values by using the computer's DIP 
switches or an appropriate command. 



2-42 



Others/Setting the Linefeed Action 

This procedure instructs the printer what to do when it receives a linefeed code 
(character code OAH). 

1. Follow the procedure described in page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates U t- h 8 ! '■ s . : - . 

2. Press the ► ( formfeed ) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 

on and the current linefeed action. 

4. To change the linefeed action, press the (enter) key. The message display indi- 
cates a blinking question mark ('■/)• 

5. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired linefeed action is displayed. 

A linefeed is performed. 

A linefeed and carriage return are performed. 

The linefeed is ignored. 

If you want to abandon the linefeed setting procedure, press the 'CflNCEjJ key. 
The original linefeed action remains unchanged. 

6. When the desired action is displayed, press the iJNTERi key to select it. 

7. Press the mjjeselktj key. The message display returns to 

The standard selection is L.F ':='. Some software that supports the IBM 

and LQ-850 printers requires CR and LF. 



2-43 



Others/Setting the Carriage-Return 

This procedure instructs the printer what to do when it receives a carriage-return 
code (character code odh). 

1. Follow the procedure described in page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates u h !•"■ )■ . 

2. Press the ► ( formfeed :) key. 

3 " Pr ? ss . the Aor V ke y repeatedly until the message display indicates 
•'■ and the current carriage-return action, 

4. To change the carriage-return action, press the Iter! key again. The message 
display now indicates a blinking question mark as follows: 

5. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the desired carriage-return action is dis- 
played. 

A carnage return is performed. 

A carnage return and linefeed are performed. 

The carnage-return code is ignored. 

The standard selection is CR y. 

Ifyou want to abandon the carriage-return setting procedure, press the 
CflNCELi key. The original carriage-return action remains unchanged. 

6. When the desired action is displayed, press the ( enter ) key to select it. 

7. Press the mopeselect key. The message display turns to R e a 



2-44 



Others/Changing Panel Keep Setting 

The following changes made with panel keys are kept in permanent memory, so 
that they are not lost when power is switched off, when the panel keep mode is on. 

Page orientation 

Copy count 

Emulation 

Code set 

Font 

Formfeed time-out time 

Linefeed action 

Carriadge-return action 

KIR mode 

The factory-setting for the panel keep mode is on. If you want to change the 
panel keep mode, proceed as follows. 

1. Follow the procedure described in page 2-36 so that message display indi- 
cates U "i €• ■■. 

2. Press the ► ([ FORMFEED ]) key. 

3. Press the A or V key until the message display indicates > 



4. Press the '" enter j key. The message display indicates a blinking question mark 

5. Press the A or V key. If the panel keep mode is U ' I ' , it changes to U r'i . If 
the panel keep mode is LMi, it changes to Lift'. 

If you want to abandon the procedure, press the (cancel) key. 

6. Press the ( enter ! key. The panel keep setting is changed. 

7. Press the .' mode select] key. The message display returns to hi e a y . 

Settings for RS-232C parameters, panel keep mode itself, and the message display 
language are always kept in memory even when power is switched off. 



2-45 



Others/Selecting the Message Language 



You can select the language of the messages on the message display by using the 
:::■ menu. 



1. Follow the procedure described in page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates i 



2. Press the ► (i formfeed i) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 
n 9 u a 9 a and the current language selection. 



4. To change the language, press the [enteri key. The message display now indi- 
cates a blinking question mark (?). 

5. Press the A key. The display cycles through the available selections in the fol- 
lowing order (The V key cycles in the reverse order): 



If you want to abandon the language selection procedure, press the i CftiCELi key. 
The original language selection remains unchanged. 

6. When the desired language is displayed, press the (enter ) key. Subsequent mes- 
sages are displayed in the selected language. 



7. Press the [ mode select ] key. The message display returns to R 



2-46 



Others/Reading Total Number of Pages Printed 

The printer keeps track of the total number of pages printed. If you want to have 
this number displayed, use the following procedure. 

1. Follow the procedure described on page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates l 



2. Press the ► (i formfeed ) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 

The latest total number of pages printed is displayed. 



2-47 



Others/Optimizing KIR (Kyocera Image Refinement) Level 

The printer is equipped with the Kyocera Image Refinement (KIR) feature which 
was designed to refine the resolution of the 300 dpi page printer. To obtain the 
optimal KIR result, you can select from among three different levels of magnitude. 



Figure 2.1 KIR Examples 




Note: To ensure the optimum KIR setting, the printer's density con- 

trol must be set to its center ("5") position. The location of the 
density control knob in the printer is described in section 2.6. in 
this chapter. 

To change the KIR setting: 

1. Follow the procedure described on page 2-36 so that the message display indi- 
cates U 



2. Press the ► (! formfeed !) key. 

3. Press the A or V key repeatedly until the message display indicates 



4. The current KIR mode is indicated by one of the following messages: 



5. To change the KIR setting, press the [ENTER ] key. The message display now indi- 
cates a blinking question mark (?). 



2-48 



6. Press the A or V key until the desired KIR mode is displayed in the message 
display. 

7. Press the i enter! key to select the KIR mode. 

8. Press the i mode select] key. The message display returns to R c! y . 

You can print a KIR test pattern to see how the current KIR setting works. See 
next page. 

To print a test pattern: 

Follow the same steps 1, 2, and 3 as changing the KIR setting above. 



1. The message display should show 



.'■■. To print a KIR test pat- 



tern, press the ► ( f form feed! ) key. The message display indicates > 



2. Press the enter 1 key. The message display indicates a question mark (?). 



3. Press the l enter i key again. The message display displays 
and prints a test pattern, then returns to R 



If you want to abandon printing the test pattern, proceed as follows. 



(1.) When the message display shows 
key. The message display shows ! ::: ' r 



, press the i cancel] 



(2.) To cancel printing the test pattern, press the [ enter] key. The message dis- 
play returns to R : J . 

Examine the lines at the bottom of the test pattern page closely. See page 2-51. 



2-49 



Figure 2.2 KIR Test Patterns 



KIR - Mode Test Page 



abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyzl234567890 

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 

AaDdllOOOdSsUYedudeouaeduaed 

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 1234567890 

ABCDEFGHUKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 

AaOSIIOOOoSsUYeouaeouaeouaeo 

abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz 1 234567890 

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ 

AaDdOoOOoSsUYeduaeouaeouaeo 



Kyocera Image Refinement 

Mode None 



©Copyright 1992 by KYOCERA CORPORATION 



2-50 



Test pattern page 



KJR -Mode Test Page 




KIR checking lines 



Optimal test pattern 




The current KIR setting is optimal. 



Dark vertical stripes 




White vertical stripes 



Set the KIR mode to L ::. "»i !■ or 
Try printing the test pattern again. If you still 
get dark vertical stripes, adjust the print den- 
sity control to a lighter setting (page 2-57). 




Set the KIR mode to nea uh or 
Try printing the test pattern again. If you still 
get white vertical stripes, adjust the print den- 
sity control to a darker setting (page 2-57). 



2-51 



2.4. Page Formatting 

When printing with word-processing or graphics software, you can rely on your 
software's page and text formatting functions. Provided the emulation mode 
matches the software, the printer will correctly execute the software's formatting 
commands. 

If you need to do your own formatting without software assistance, you can use 
the printer's PRESCRIBE II command language. The formatting sequence can 
be prepared as a document file, as shown below. Printing this file causes the 
printer to select a font and set the line spacing and margins. The commands are 
not printed on paper. 

!R! RES; 

FTMD 13; 
FONT 8; 
STM 1 ; 
SLM 1 ; 
SLPI 5; 
SLPP 45; 
EXIT, E; 

This formatting sequence selects the printer's 12-point LetterGothicBM12- 
Roman bitmap font (font 8). It sets 1-inch top and left margins. The line spacing 
is 5 lines per inch, with 45 lines per page. 

The STM and SLM commands set the margins in relation to the printer's edge 
limits, which are located about 5 mm inside the actual edges of the paper. The ac- 
tual margins are therefore 5 mm larger than the specified values. 

More information on page formatting is given in the TECHNICAL REFERENCE 
manual, section 1.2. 



2-52 



2.5. Manual Paper Feeding 

If you have not done so, install the manual feed tray to the printer in the manner 
described in Chapter 1, Install the manual feed tray in this manual. 

Manual paper feeding enables you to print occasionally on special paper without 
having to reload the paper feed cassette. Appendix D lists the usable types of 
paper. 

Begin adjusting the paper guides to the size of the manually fed paper. See Figure 

2.3. 



Figure 2.3 Adjusting the Paper Guides 



Paper Guides 




Manual Feed Tray 

The guides feed the paper in straight and accurately centered. Since the printer 
does not sense the position of the paper guides, the printer assumes that all manu- 
ally fed paper have the legal size (8-1/2 X 14 inches). 



2-53 



To print text in the desired position, you must therefore allow extra margins. 
Extra left margin is required in the portrait orientation. Extra top and left mar- 
gins are required in the landscape orientation. The drawing below shows how the 
actual and assumed dimensions are related and indicates how to calculate the 
margin offsets. 



-^ 



Zero point (portrait) 



• ■ 






L2 

W2 








L1 ( 


4 inches) 

W1 (8 inches) 




• ' 





' Zero point (landscape) 



Direction of 
paper feed 



W1/L1 = Dimensions of paper 
assumed by printer 
W2/L2 = Actual dimensions of 
manually-fed paper 

Portrait orientation: 

Left margin offset =1/2 x (W1-W2) 

Landscape orientation: 

Left margin offset = L1-L2 

Top margin offset =1/2 x (W1-W2) 



Note: 



You can use the PRESCRIBE II SPSZ (Set Paper SiZe) com- 
mand to tell the printer the size of manual fed paper or en- 
velope, thus eliminating the need for calculating the extra mar- 
gin offsets explained above. Refer to the printer's PRESCRIBE 
II COMMAND REFERENCE manual. 



2-54 



Manual Feeding Procedure 



1. Check that the printer is Ke 



2. Press the i feed select l key until the message display indicates PI 3 

d and the manual feed ([?>) indicator on the printer symbol lights up. 

Unless you have already placed paper on the manual feed tray, the a 
(paper) indicator will light, the O (ready) indicator will go out, and the mes- 
sage display will indicate !-l >:"■ . 

3. Place one sheet of paper on the manual feed tray and insert it as far as it will 
go. See Figure 2.4. The i=i indicator will go out and the O (ready) indicator 
will come on. 

Figure 2.4 Manual Paper Feeding 




Note: 



Be sure to insert the sheet of paper on the manual feed tray as 
far as it will go. 



4. Send printing commands and data from the computer. The printer indicates 
s i ! "! 9 and prints the page. 



If you want to abandon the manual feeding procedure, press the ( cancel ) key. 



The message display indicates P 
The printer return to 



! . Press the [enter) key. 



5. Feed more paper by hand when the printer's e=j indicator comes on. 

To exit manual feed, press the (feed select ) key and select automatic feeding (i=j). 



2-55 



Feeding Envelopes 

Envelopes should be fed in the face up, right edge first, as shown below. 

Figure 2.5 Direction of Feeding Envelope 

Stamp position 




Envelope 



Set the printer to print in the landscape page orientation. 

Note: To avoid trouble, we recommend that envelopes are delivered 

face-up. 

Large extra top and left margins must be allowed as explained on page 2-54. If no 
extra margin is allowed, the printing may miss the envelope completely. The mar- 
gin values depend on the envelope size. See Appendix D. If the size of the en- 
velope is any of Monarch, Business, International DL, International C5, and Ex- 
ecutive, you can use the SPSZ command to simplify this procedure. Refer to the 
COMMAND REFERENCE manual. 

Not all envelopes print well. See Appendix D for details on suitable types of en- 
velopes. 

If the printer has the option envelope feeder (EF-1) installed, you can select the 
size of envelopes on the printer's control panel ([ MODE select] key). No extra margins 
and SPSZ commands are then needed. Details are given on page 2-4. 

Overhead Projection (OHP) Film 

To avoid a trouble, OHP film must be fed manually by the manner described 
above. 

Requirements regarding OHP film are also given in Appendix D. 
2-56 



2.6. Adjusting the Print Density 

The print density knob controls the relative darkness of printing. If printing is too 
dark or light, you can adjust the density by the following manner. 

1. Remove any paper or other objects lying on top of the printer. 

2. Lift the release lever on the top of the printer and raise the top cover all the 
way. 



Figure 2.6 Open the Top Cover 



Top Cover 



Release Lever 




3. The density control knob is located at the position shown in Figure 2.7. 
Rotate the knob clockwise to make the printing darker, or rotate the knob 
counterclockwise to make the printing lighter. 

Figure 2.7 Adjusting the Density Control Knob 



Density Control Knob 




The density control knob must be in its center (5) position when adjusting the 
KIR (Kyocera Image Refinement) level. See page 2-48. 



2-57 



2.7. IC Card 

IC cards are microchip memory cards containing, for example, nonresident fonts 
and/or macros, forms, etc. The printer reads the contents of the card into its inter- 
nal memory when power is switched on. Their presence in memory can be con- 
firmed on the status printout. 

Two IC card slots are located at the bottom right of the printer. 

To insert and use an IC card: 

1. Switch printer power off. 



Note: 



We recommend that you do not insert or remove an IC card 
while power is on. If the IC card is removed while the printer is 
K CI -i , the fonts read from the IC card will be immediately 
lost. ' 



2. Insert the IC card in either slot. Insert it face up, connector end first. Push it 
in all the way. When the IC card is fully inserted, the eject button pops out. 

Figure 2.8 Inserting an IC Card 




IC-Card Slots 



2-58 



3. Switch printer power on. The printer reads the contents of the IC card during 
its power-up sequence. The information (nonresident fonts, etc.) on the IC 
card is now available for use. 

If the IC card information is deleted from the printer's memory during the print- 
ing process, it can be reread by using the mode selection function explained in 
page 2-33. 

To remove the IC card: 

1. Switch the power off. 

2. Press the eject button firmly. The IC card is ejected from the slot. 

Note: IC card contain sensitive electronic circuits. Treat them with ap- 

propriate care. 

• Never attempt to force an IC card into its slot. 

• Never bend an IC card. 

• Avoid impact. Do not drop an IC card. 

• Do not touch the terminal of the IC card. 

• Do not spill water or other liquids on an IC card. 

• Keep IC cards away from open flames and other sources of heat. 

• Do not leave IC cards lying in direct sunlight. 

• Do not use a non-Kyocera IC card. 



2-59 



Chapter 3: 
Maintenance 



This printer is designed to provide years of trouble-free service without need- 
ing to replace any modules in the printer. However, you must add toner in the 
developer unit from the container in a new toner kit. The toner kit also con- 
tains a fuser cleaner pad and a waste toner bottle which must be replaced with 
the one in the printer. Also, to ensure good print quality, clean various parts in- 
side the printer at regular intervals. 

Note: We strongly recommend you use only the original Kyocera 

micro fine ceramic toner kit. The use of the original Kyocera 
toner assures the intended long term reliability of the printer. 

Section 3.1. gives the step-by-step procedures for supplying toner in the 
developer unit, and section 3.2. explains how to clean various parts inside the 
printer. Section 3.3. gives instructions on how to remove the developer unit 
from the printer in case you need to move or ship the printer. 



3.1. Supplying Toner in the Developer Unit 

When the printer begins to run low on toner, the message display displays 

!■": 9 L 'y' . At the earliest convenient opportunity 

after this message is shown, you should replenish the toner supply in the 
developer unit. 

If you continue to use the printer, eventually the toner supply will be exhausted 
and the 



y message will be displayed. At this point, 
to avoid damaging the developer unit, the printer stops printing. To continue 
printing, you must supply toner using a new toner kit. 

Toner Supply Interval 

Approximate toner supply interval — Every 5,000 pages (A4 size, 5%) 
Toner Kit 

The type of the toner kit to be used and the contents are as follows. 
Table 3.1 Toner Kit Contents 



Toner kit 


Contents 


Kyocera 


Toner container 


Ecotone TK-9 


Waste toner bottle and cap 




Fuser cleaning pad 




Wiper (lint-free) cloth 




Instruction 



Supplying Toner 

Always replace the waste toner bottle and fuser cleaning pad in the toner kit 
at the same time of replenishing toner. In particular, if you do not replace the 
waste toner bottle, it may overflow later, and consequently cause damage to 
the printer. 



Note: 



Before proceeding, keep the following in mind: 



Do not leave floppy disks etc. lying around while performing this main- 
tenance procedure. This procedure tends to raise a little toner dust which 
can harm magnetic recording media. 



3-2 



• Do not attempt to reuse the toner in the waste toner bottle. 

• Replace the waste toner bottle to a new one only with the new toner 
supply. 

• Use only the toner kit exclusively designed for the printer. Use of toner 
kit intended for other printer models may damage the printer and void 
the warranty. 

Remove any paper or other objects lying on top of the printer. 
-| ^ __ Top Cover Release Lever 




Pull the release lever on top of the printer, then slowly lift the top cover as 
shown above. 



Release Button 




Waste Toner Bottle 



Remove the waste toner bottle. Press the button located as shown above to re- 
lease the waste toner bottle from the printer. Remove the waste toner bottle as 
gently as possible so as not to scatter the waste toner inside. Do not let the 
opening of the waste toner bottle face downward. 



3-3 




Waste toner 
Bottle 



Cap the waste toner bottle taken out from the printer with the cap in the new 
toner kit and dispose of it. The waste toner bottle and the waste toner inside 
are disposable without risking generating harmful gas when burning. 

Note: Do not install the new waste toner bottle yet. 

Take out the new toner container from the toner kit. 



Toner Container 




Give the new toner container a good, horizontal shake (shake it 5 or 6 times.) 
to loosen and mix the toner inside 



Note: 



Do not pull the shutter on the toner container before the 
toner container is fitted to the developer unit. 



3-4 



Toner Container 




Notch 



Developer Unit 



Install the toner container onto the developer unit as shown above. Align the 
toner container so that its bottom is held by the four notches of the developer 
unit. 



Then, slide the toner container as shown above so that it locks in completely. 



Note: 



Make sure that the toner container is properly locked on the 
developer unit. 



Toner Container 



Developer Shutter 
(Pull out until it stops.] 




While holding the toner container locked in place, pull the developer shutter 
slowly towards the right side of the printer all the way until it stops. 



Note: 



If the shutter does not slide easily, check if the toner con- 
tainer is properly fitted on the developer unit. 



3-5 




Sealing Strip 



Developer 
Shutter 



The bottom of the toner container is sealed with a plastic strip. Peel off the 
seal on the toner container and carefully pull the sealing strip off. Dispose of 
the sealing strip. The toner container is now open at the bottom. 

Tap lightly several times on top of the toner container to knock off toner ad- 
hering to the sides. 



8 




Developer Shutter 
Slide the developer shutter back in position completely. 

Remove the toner container using the reverse manner of step 2 and dispose it. 
(The toner container is made of a burnable material which generates no harm- 
ful gas when burning.) 



3-6 



New Waste Toner Bottle 
Developer Unit 




Locate the new waste toner bottle in the toner kit. Install the new waste toner 
bottle in the printer as shown above. 

Align the tabs on the bottle with the guiding slots in the printer and the 
developer unit. Push the waste toner bottle lightly on top to lock it in place. 



Note: 



10 



Be sure to install the new waste toner bottle with every new 
toner supply. The printer will not work until the new waste 
toner bottle is installed in place. Also, to avoid damaging the 
printer, do not attempt to use the old waste toner bottle. 



Cleaning Pad 



Fuser Unit 




Remove the fuser cleaning pad from the fuser. 



Caution: The fuser cleaning pad and the fuser roller below it are hot 

immediately after the printer is used. When removing the 
cleaning pad, handle it only by its handle as shown in the fig- 
ure above. 



3-7 



11 



New Fuser Cleaning Pad 



Fuser Roller 




Locate the new fuser cleaning pad in the toner kit. Using the round, covered 
end of the cleaning pad, wipe the fuser roller through the opening in the fuser 
where the cleaning pad is to be placed. (The roller may not necessarily be 
cleaned through its entire surface.) 

Install the new fuser cleaning pad using the reverse manner of step 10. 

Note: Be sure the fuser cleaning pad has been completely fit in the 

fuser. 



12 




Top Cover 



Close the printer's top cover by pressing the front left and right sides 



3-8 



3.2. Cleaning 

To avoid print quality problems, the following parts of the printer must be 
cleaned after supplying toner. Cleaning may be done from time to time to 
avoid print quality problems. 

LED Head and Charger Wire 



Note: 



Before cleaning LED head and charger wire, switch printer 
power off. 



The LED head and the charger wire are located sideways behind the drum 
unit cover. Clean them using the MH cleaner supplied with the printer in the 
manner described below. 



Top Cover 




Release Lever 



Open the printer top cover by pulling the release lever on top of the printer. 



Drum Unit 
Cover 



Release 
Button 




Push the release button on the drum unit cover as shown above. 



3-9 



LED Head 




Charger Wire 



Drum Unit Cover 



MH Cleaner 



Take out the MH cleaner from the printer, and fit the MH cleaner to the LED 
head and the charger wire as shown above. Move the MH cleaner to the left 
and right over the charger wire several times to clean the head and the charger 
wire. 



After cleaning these parts, close the drum unit cover firmly by pressing on top. 



Note: 



The LED head is one of the most sensitive and fragile parts 
in the printer. Use only the MH cleaner supplied to clean the 
head. The same applies to the charger wire. Use only the MH 
cleaner, setting it in the correct position as shown above. 



3-10 



Paper Feed Unit 

Note: Before cleaning paper feed unit, switch printer power off. 

To avoid print quality problems due to dirt on the back of paper, clean the 
paper feed unit in the following manner. 



Paper Feed 
Unit 




Lever 



Press the lever up and draw out the paper feed unit all the way out until it 
stops. 



Transfer Roller 



Registration 
Roller 



Wiper cloth 




Paper Chute 



Paper Ramp 



Wipe the registration roller and paper chute using the wiper cloth (lint-free) 
included in the toner kit. 



Note: 



Do not touch the transfer roller when wiping the paper chute. 



3-11 



Chapter 4: 
Troubleshooting 



This chapter explains how to handle any problems that may arise with the 
printer. The procedures are easy to follow. Follow them carefully, and if they 
fail to fix the problem, call for serviceman assistance. 

Section 4.1 is a general guide to the troubleshooting procedures, which are 
given in detail in Sections 4.2 to 4.6 . 



4.1. General Guide 

If the printer does not print — 

Is the O (ready) indicator lit? 

• If the O (ready) indicator is not lit, you have a power problem. See Sec- 
tion 4.2. 

• If the O (ready) indicator is on, proceed as for an abnormal printing prob- 
lem. See below. 

If the printing is abnormal — 

With the printer on-line and ready, press the status] key to print a status page. 
You can print a KIR test pattern page for more precise printing criterion. To 
print a KIR test pattern page, refer to chapter 2. 

• If the result is normal, you have an interface problem. See Section 4.3. 

• If the result is not normal, you have a print quality problem. See Section 
4.4. 

If a maintenance message is displayed on the message display: 

• See Section 4.5. (For a paper jam, see Section 4.6.) 

If the printer does not print the entire page or indicate !l 9 y 

■>.m on its message display, try adding an option memory. To add 
the option memory, see Appendix G. 



4-2 



4.2. Power Problems 

Note: The printer power rating must be within the voltage range of 

your country. If in doubt, consult your dealer. 

If nothing happens when you switch the printer's power on, you have a power 
problem. The symptoms are a dark control panel, no printing, and no fan 
sound. Proceed as follows. 

Check the power switch. 

Check the power cord. 

If the cord is loose at either end, switch power off, plug the power cord in se- 
curely, then switch power on again. 

Call for serviceman assistance. 

If the above checks do not solve the problem, call for serviceman assistance. 



4-3 



4.3. Interface Problems 

If the printer prints a status page correctly but does not print data from the 
computer correctly (or at all), there is an interface problem. 

Check the interface cable. 

Make sure the cable is plugged in securely at both ends. 

Check your file and software. 

Try printing a different file, or using a different print command. 

If you are using an RS-232C cable, reset the RS-232C parameters. 

Set the computer's RS-232C parameters to the same values as the printer so 
that the printer and computer can communicate. The default RS-232C parame- 
ters of the printer are as follows: 



Baud rate 



Data length 



Stop bits 



Parity 



Protocol 



9600 bits per second (H1 =96 on the status page) 



8 bits per character (H2 = 8 on the status page) 



1 (H3 = 1 on the status page) 



None (H4 = on the status page) 



XON/XOFF, DTR (positive logic) and ETX/ACK (H5 = on the status 
page) 



To change the printer's RS-232C parameters, refer to Chapter 2. 
Try using a different cable. 

Compare the pin assignments listed in Appendix E with the specifications of 
your cable. 

Call for serviceman assistance. 

If the above checks do not solve the problem, call for serviceman assistance. 



4-4 



4.4. Print Quality Problems 

Print quality problems range from uneven tone to completely blank output. 
The troubleshooting procedure for each type of problem is given below. 

If the checks explained in this section do not solve the problem, call for serv- 
iceman assistance. 

Completely blank printout 



Check the message display. 



If the D e 1 ! ::: - e r "■ t i": n e i :!. o n o !•"■ message is dis- 

played, install the developer unit or check that the developer's connector is 
connected properly. See Section 3.1. 



All-black printout 




Call for serviceman assistance. 



4-5 



Dropouts, horizontal black streaks, stray dots 




Clean the LED head and the change wire. 

Open the printer's top cover. Open the drum unit cover. Clean the LED head 
and the charger wire using the MH cleaner. (See page 3-9.) 

Note the spacing of the defects. 



If the defects occur at regular intervals of 60.6 mm (2.4 inches), the problem i 
a dirty transfer roller. Call for serviceman assistance. 



is 



If the defects occur at regular intervals of 94 mm (3.7 inches), the problem is 
the damaged fuser roller. Call for serviceman assistance. 

White or black vertical streaks 




Check the control panel. 



If the Wa 



y message is displayed and \M indica- 
tor is blinking, supply toner into the developer unit. See Section 3.1. 

Clean the LED head and the charger wire. 

Open the printer's top cover. Open the drum unit cover. Clean the LED head 
and the charger wire. (See page 3-9.) 



4-6 



Check the drum. 

If the drum has scratches, call for serviceman assistance. 

Check the f user roller. 

Remove the fuser cleaning pad. If the fuser roller has scratches, call for serv- 
iceman assistance. 

Faint or blurred printing 




Check the control panel. 

If the i.ij a i "i 9 I:::. t o n e - 4 message is displayed and \M indica- 

tor is blinking, supply toner into the developer unit. See Section 3.1. 

Set the print density knob to a darker setting. 

See page 2-57. 

Grey background 




Check the control panel 



If the 



y message is displayed and !•*•) indica- 



tor is blinking, supplying toner into the developer unit. See Section 3.1. 



4-7 



Check the developer unit. 

Open the printer's top cover and check that the developer unit is inserted 
straight and locked correctly. 

Dirt on the back of the paper 




Check the transfer roller. 

If the transfer roller is dirty with toner, try printing several pages. 

Check the paper chute and the ramp. 

Draw out the paper feed unit and check for toner on the paper chute and the 
ramp. Clean the paper chute and ramp using the wiper supplied or a soft, dry, 
lint-free cloth. See section 3.1. 

Characters out of position 



r --j r -y 




Check the file or program. 

See if the problem is caused by incorrect PRESCRIBE II commands. If the 
problem occurs with only one file or program, the most likely cause is a com- 
mand error. 



4-8 



4.5. Indicators and Messages 

The tables on the following pages indicate how to respond to problems indi- 
cated by the control panel symbolic indicators and messages. 

Indicators 

Table 4.1 Symbolic Indicators 



Indicator 


Corrective Action 


o 

(Ready) 


If this indicator does not come on even though power is on: 
Check the other control panel indicators and message display. 
Turn power off, wait a few seconds, then turn power on again. 
Call for service person assistance. 


8V 

(Paper jam) 


Open the printer and correct the paper jam. See section 4.6. 


(Toner empty) 


Supply toner using a new toner kit. See section 3.1. 


1 

(Service) 


Note the message and code indicated on the message display 
and call for service person assistance. 


ATTENTION 


Note the maintenance message on the message display and con- 
sult Table 4.2 on next page. 



4-9 



Maintenance Messages 

Table 4.2 Maintenance Messages 



Message 



Corrective Action 



Turn the printer power off. Install the developer 
unit, connect the developer's connector to the 
printer, or have the connector repaired. See sec- 
tion 1.4. 



Open the top cover, then close tightly. 



Open the paper feed unit, then close tightly. 



Add paper to the paper cassette or add a sheet of 
paper to the manual feed tray. 



Open the top cover or the paper feed unit and cor- 
rect the paper jam. See section 4.6. 



The printer's internal memory is running out due 
to too many fonts and macros downloaded. Print 
a status page to see how much user memory is 
left and try deleting unnecessary fonts and 
macros. 



Replenish the toner supply using a new toner kit. 
See section 3. 1 . 



Replenish the toner supply using a new toner kit. 
See section 3.1. The printer does not operate 
when this message is displayed. 



Install the waste toner bottle. See section 1.4. The 
printer does not operate when this message is dis- 
played. 



Replace the old waste toner bottle with the new 
one. See section 3.1. 



Mechanical error (i = 1. , ...) — Call a service per- 
son. The printer does not operate when a mes- 
sage beginning with F is displayed. The total num- 
ber of pages printed is also indicated. 



Controller error ( = 1. , 2, ...) — Call a service per- 
son. The printer does not operate when a mes- 
sage beginning with F' is displayed. The total num- 
ber of pages printed is also indicated. 



4-10 



Error Messages 



Message 



Corrective Action 



The total amount of the data received by the 
printer exceeds the printer's internal memory. Try 
adding more memory (expansion RAM). Press the 
[ ONLINE ! key to r esume printing. You can abandon 
printing by the i CANCEL I key. 



The data transferred to the printer was to o com- 
plex to print on a page. Press the ' ONLINE ! key to 
resume printing. (The page may break in some 
pages.) You can abandon printing by the ( CANCEL ! 
key. 



The IC card is accidentally removed from the 
printer's IC card slot during rereading. If you con- 
tinue rereading the IC card, insert the same IC 
card into the slot again. The printer again rereads 
it from the beginning of the data. 
Note: We recommend that you follow the reread- 
ing procedure from the beginning to ensure cor- 
rect rereading of the IC card. 



You have inserted the wrong IC card when the 

message was displayed. 
Remove the wrong IC card from the printer's IC 
card slot and insert the correct IC card. The 
printer again rereads it from the beginning of the 
data. 



The amount of memory available for fonts are too 
small to load more fonts. Try deleting unneces- 
sary fonts and macros. 



This message is displayed when you attempt to 
use the printer's control panel to change the en- 
vironmental settings on the interface on which 
data are presently being received. (See Note on 
next page.) 



4-11 



Note: 



: This is possible in some situations because the printer 
can be K y on one interface while it is actually receiving data on the 

other interface(s). The most likely case, for example, is that the printer has 
finished receiving data on its serial interface and waiting for the interface time- 
out time (A, below)(the message display indicates Ready and the INTER- 
FACE indicator indicates SER), while on its parallel interface data are actu- 
ally arriving (though these data are not processed until the serial interface is re- 
leased). Then, if you switch the control panel to the parallel interface, attempt 
to change some interface parameters, and press the [ Inter ] key to finish the set- 



a u to report you 



ting, the message display will indicate 

that the interface is presently occupied and the control panel settings are aban- 
doned for the parallel interface. This message is also given when you are using 
the control panel to reread the IC card while data are arriving on one of the in- 
terfaces. Another situation that may be subject to this message is when you ad- 
just the RS-232C parameters. For example, if the serial interface is occupied 
with data while the parallel interface is waiting to time-out, you can switch the 
control panel to affect the serial interface (by the mode select function), how- 



ever, the message display indicates . 



made are abandoned when you press the ' enter ; key at last. 



i and the changes 



End of data 



End of time-out time 





J_ 


' ♦ 




1 


Serial Interface 


Receiving data 


(Occupied) 












Parallel Interface 




Receiving data 








*\ 




Interface time-out time 
(A) 




Printer begins 



processing the 
data received 
on the parallel 
interface. 



4-12 



4.6. Correcting a Paper Jam 



The I " ! :' : 'i message is displayed on the message display when paper 

becomes stuck in the paper transport system, the paper feed timing is incor- 
rect, or paper fails to feed at all. The jam can be corrected by removing the 
paper. 

The printer goes off-line, the O (ready) indicator flashes, and the paper jam 
(8A) indicator lights on the control panel, when the ! :::: !'•'! message is 

displayed. 



Depending on the indicator of the printer sym- 
bol on the front panel that is flashing, check 
the following: 



Figure 4.1 Printer Symbol 




A 


Check the face-down 
output tray. 


If paper is partially fed out into the tray, pull the 
paper out the rest of the way by hand, then open 
and close the printer's top cover or the paper feed 
unit. 


Check the fuser unit and the 
face-down paper path. 


Open the printer's top cover. Draw out the paper 
feed unit. Pull out the paper as shown in Figure 
4.2. Close the printer's top cover. 


B 


Check the face-up output 
tray 


Refer to A, above. 


C 


Check the paper feed cas- 
sette. 


If paper is stacked in the paper cassette, not reach- 
ing the registration rollers, remove the paper cas- 
sette and draw out the paper feed unit. Remove 
the jammed paper. See Figure 4.3. Close the paper 
feed unit and install the paper cassette in the 
printer. Push it straight as far as it will go. 


Check the registration roller. 


If the paper is caught by the registration rollers, 
draw out the paper feed unit half way out and 
remove the jammed paper. See Figure 4.4. Close 
the paper feed unit in the printer. Push it straight 
as far as it will go. 


D 


Check the manual feed tray. 


If the paper is stacked in the manual feed tray, 
remove the paper by pulling it out. Open and close 
the printer's top cover or the paper feed unit. 



4-13 



When the paper jam is removed, open and close the printer's top cover or the 
paper feed unit; press the f ON line! key to continue printing. 

If paper jams occur frequently, try using a different type of paper, replace with 
paper from another ream, turn the stack of paper over, or turn the paper the 
other way around. Also, read the information in Appendix D. 

If you cannot solve the problem by changing the paper, there may be a prob- 
lem with the printer. Call a serviceman. 

Notes: The fuser is hot. Do not touch it. 

Figure 4.2 Fuser Unit 



Fuser Unit 




Figure 4.3 Paper Feed Cassette 
Paper Feed Unit 




4-14 



Figure 4.4 Paper Feed Unit 



Paper Feed Unit 




4-15 



Appendix A: 
Status Page 



A status page can be obtained by pressing the printer's [status] key at any time 
when the printer is R 'd . The printer can also be set to print a status page 

automatically when its power is switched on by the FRPO U5 command. 



A.1. Status Page 

Figure A.l. shows an example of the status page. The following information is 
given. (The numbers refer to Figure A.l.) 

The printer prints a second status page if it has nonresident fonts (including 
scalable fonts with a font number assigned by SFNT) in its memory. See item 8 
below. 

Figure A.1 Sample Status Page 











1 








STATUS PAGE 

7 Released 










I 






















Lurrcnt settings 
















Current interface Pa 


rallel Emulation type 




6 














I Codeset name IS0-6 








2 






Bottom 


0.333 Line spacing 
1.023 Character spacing 
0.000 Pen width 
7.793 




0.166 
0.100 
0.010 






















Interlace dependent parameters 
















--Envi romncnt-- - -Parameter s- 


RS232C7 PARALLEL 


































l]User top margin Al • A?/100 


00.00 00.00 
















?)User left margin A3 • A4/100 


00.00 00.00 
















.IJllscr page length A5 * A6/100 


16.11 16.11 
















1]User page width A7 * A8/10O 


11.31 11.31 
















HUefault font number C5M00OQ * C? 


100 * C3 00001 00001 
















2)Default font name V3 (Resident 


«-.., 
















3)Uefault point sue VO-100 * VI • 


1 r 

1/2/100 012.00 012.00 










3- 






4]Page orientation CI 
5|Panel keep mode C6 
6)I/f release timeout J2 
3. Emulation parameters 
l)Dcfai,lt emulation PI 
2)C.R. action P2 
3}L.F. action P3 

IRine per inch 10 . ui /100 
^Character per Inch 112 • J3/100 
3)Country code U6 
fl|Codeset number 1)7 
5.KCGL option 

DKCGL option GO 
2)Pcn width Gl-M 
3)Pen width G5-G8 


00 00 

01 01 
06 06 

06 06 
01 01 

01 01 

06.00 06.00 

10.00 10.00 

00 00 

00 00 

00 00 
/01/02/03/04 701/02/03/04 
/05/06/07/08 /05/06/07/08 
























non interlace dependent parameters 
















--Environment-- --Parameters- - 


- -Environment -- 














l.Host interface 


2. Option parameters 


































2)RS23?C data bits H2 08 


2)Auto cassette 
















3JR5232C stop bits H3 01 


3)Default paper size 


H? 


00 














4) Reserved 










4- 






SJPrototol type H5 00 


5)Default cassette 














6|Xoff threshold!*) H6 90 


6)Haster memory 


RS 
















7)Paratlel i/o control 


Bfi 
















BJHanual paper size 


R7 


00 














9)DaisyWheel data bit 


RR 


07 














10)Eni/elope paper size 


RQ 


00 














UJMessage language 


P(l 
















!2)Command recognition 


P°- 
















13}Status page print 
















H)Buffer sue rate (2) M5 01 












o~ 






Memory allocation "~~- 
































Service information 


















total page 7 - 











3a 



A-2 



1 - Firmware version information 

The printer's firmware version number and release date. 

2 - Current status information 

These information give the printer's temporary settings which are made by 
PRESCRIBE II commands or software's embedded commands. Note that 
these information pertain to the current interface only. 

Emulation type is indicated by the one of the following numbers. 

0-Line printer 
1-IBM Proprinter X-24E 
2-Diablo 630 
5-Epson LQ-850 
6-HP LaserJet series HI 
8-HP 7475A 

3 - Interface-dependent information 

The printer has a parallel Centronics interface, a serial RS-232C interface, and 
an open slot for installing an option interface for different computers. These 
parameters are interface-dependent, therefore affect the environment on the 
current interface only. Any changes made with these parameters on one inter- 
face do not interfere with the other interface(s). You can learn details regard- 
ing these parameters in section 6.2. in the Printer Technical Reference manual. 

3a - Default font name (V3) 

The power-up scalable fonts (if specified) for the serial, parallel, and option (if 
installed) interfaces are listed here, from top to bottom. The example which 
follows indicates that the power-up scalable font is Dutch801SWC-Roman on 
the serial interface, and Swiss742SWC-Roman on the parallel interface. 

2. Font and orientation 

l)Default font number C5*10000 + C2*100 + C3 00000 00000 

2)Default font name V3 (Resident scalable) 

Dutch801SWC-Roman 
Swi ss742SWC-Roman 



-3a 



A-3 



4 - Non interface-dependent information 

These parameters are non interface-dependent and affect all interfaces simul- 
taneously. If the printer is shared with other users, you must remember that 
any changes made with these parameters may interfere with other user's job. 
Also see section 6.2. in the FS-SERIES TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual. 

5 - Memory allocation status 

Total memory shows the total amount of the memory installed in the printer, 
including the expanded memory, if installed. User memory shows how much 
memory is available for storing information to be printed. 

6 - Service information 

These information are for service purpose. 

7 - Cumulative page count 

The total number of pages the printer has printed. 

8 - User defined font list 

A list of fonts (if any) that have been downloaded from the computer and font 
numbers that have been assigned by the SFNT command. 

In the example below, first three lines represent the numbers, font names (type- 
faces), and the sizes in kilobytes of three downloaded bitmap fonts. In line 4, 
you can see the result of a SFNT command which assigned the Swiss742SWC- 
Bold font with font number 3000. (In this case, the size is zero.) 



8 — 



Type . 

Bitmap 
Bitmap 
Bitmap 
Scalable 



USER DEFINED FONTS 

Nunber Font Name 



50006 
50007 
50015 
3000 



Swiss 

Synbol A Prop 

Dutch 

Swiss742SWC-Bol 



25.00 
25.00 

17.00 
0.00 



A-4 



Appendix B: 
How the Page Printer 

Works 



B.1 . How the Printer Works 

This section is optional reading, for those interested in knowing how the 
printer works. You will not need this information in order to operate the 
printer. 

There are three main steps in printing a page: 

1 — Receive and process the data 

2 — Write the image on the drum 

3— Transfer the image from the drum to the paper 

Step (1), receiving and processing the data, is performed on the main logic 
board in the bottom of the printer. From the data sent by the computer, the 
printer constructs a bit map indicating whether each dot on the page is to be 
printed black or left white. This bit map is stored in the printer's raster 
memory. 

Step (2), writing the image on the drum, is performed by the LED optical sys- 
tem, drum, and the developer. As the drum turns, first its surface is given a uni- 
form, positive electrical charge by a corona discharge from the main charger 
wire, which runs parallel to the length of the drum. The LED optical head, 
also running parallel to the length of the drum, has 2,560 pieces of tiny LED 
chips, each corresponding to one printer's dot. A LED chip is switched on for 
each black dot and off for each white dot under control of the bit map in the 
printer's raster memory. 

The drum is photosensitive: it conducts electricity when illuminated by light. 
Wherever it is illuminated by the light, the charge on its surface escapes to 
ground level through the drum shaft. After scanning, the drum carries an invis- 
ible electrical image: the areas to be left white retain their electric charge, 
while the areas to be printed black are electrically neutral. 

The invisible image is now developed by applying toner to the drum. The toner 
is carried to the drum by canier powder which is magnetized by the magnetic 
roller in the developer, and adheres to the electrically neutral areas on the 
drum to be printed black. The charge on the drum prevents toner from adher- 
ing to the areas to be left white. 



B-2 



Step (3), transferring the image to the paper, is performed by the transfer 
roller. As the paper is pinched by the transfer roller and the drum, it is electri- 
cally charged by a negative discharge. This charge attracts the toner particles 
from the drum to the paper. The paper is then passed between a heat roller 
and a pressure roller in the fuser, and heat from the heat roller fuses the toner 
permanently onto the paper. 

Steps (2) and (3) are performed continuously as the drum rotates and the 
paper feeds through the printer. During the process, toner that fails to transfer 
to the paper is routed into the waste toner bottle. At the end, the cleaner 
blade removes any toner remaining on the drum, and an eraser LED array il- 
luminates the drum to remove its remaining electric change and prepare for 
the next image. 

Figure B.1 How the Printer Works 




1. Toner reservoir 

2. Developer unit 

3. Developer magnet roller 

4. LED optical head 

5. Main charger ( + ) 

6. Drum 

7. Eraser LED array 

8. Cleaner blade 



9. Transfer roller (-) 

10. Fuser 

11. Fuser heater 

12. Registration rollers 

13. Paper pickup roller 

14. Paper cassette 

15. Main logic board 



B-3 



Appendix C: 
Printer Specifications 



C.1. Printer Specifications 



Item 


Description 


Printing method 


Electrophotography, LED direct scan. 


Printing speed 


10 pages/minute (A4 or letter-size paper, when printing multi- 
ple copies of the same page). 


Resolution 


300 dots/inch (vertical and horizontal) with KIR (Kyocera 
Image Refinement) 


First print 


Approx. 20 seconds (A4 or letter size), depends on input data. 


Warm-up time 


120 seconds or less (at 20° C) 


Controller 


16-bit microprocessor 


Main memory* 1 


1 MB 


Raster memory* 2 


128 kB 


IC card slots 


Two 


Self test 


Performed at power-up 


Scanning system 


LED optical head 


Duty cycle 


25,000 pages/month 


Drum 


Amorphous silicon drum 


Developer 


Multi-component dry developer 


Main charger 


Scorotron charger 


Transferring 


Charger roller 


Separation 


Curvature separation 


Drum cleaning 


Blade cleaner 


Drum discharging 


Illumination by eraser lamp 


Fuser 


Heat roller and pressure roller 


Paper 


Plain paper. See Appendix D. 


Paper feed tray 


A4 or letter size. Holds 250 sheets of weight 75 g/cm 2 , thick- 
ness 0.1 mm. 


Capacity of output trays 


Face-down tray-250 sheets of thickness 0.1 mm. 
Face-up tray-250 sheets of thickness 0.1 mm. 



C-2 



Item 


Description 


Ambient conditions 


Temperature: 10°C to 32.5°C (50°F to 90.5°F) 
Humidity: 20% to 80% RH 
Optimum conditions: 20°C, 65% RH. 
Altitude: Max. 2000m (6500 feet) 
Illumination: Max. 1500 lux 


Power requirements 


120 V, 60 Hz, max. 5 A (FS-1500A) 
220-240 V, 50Hz/60Hz, max. 2.5 A (FS-1500) 
Max. allowable voltage fluctuation: ±10 % 
Max. allowable frequency fluctuation: ±2 % 


Power consumption 


Max. 515 W 


Noise 


Max. 48 dB (A) when printing (excl. peak values) 

Max. 35 dB (A) when idling (excl. peak values) 

(Measured 1 m from the outside of the printer, main unit only) 


Dimensions 


220 mm high x 345 mm wide x 350 mm deep (Excl. the 
paper tray) 


Weight 


13.5 kg 



* 1 Including the raster memory (video-RAM). Extendable to 2, 3, 4, or 5MB with optional 

memory. 

* 2 Depending on the available memory, selectable to 128, 256, 512, 1024 (A4/Letter), or 

2048 kB (Legal). Factory setting is 128 kB for all countries. 



C-3 



Appendix D: 
Paper Selection 



D.1. General Guidelines 

The printer is designed to print on high-quality copier bond paper (the kind 
used in ordinary dry copier machines), but it can accept a variety of other 
types of paper as well within the limits specified below. 

Note: The manufacturer assumes no liability for problems that 

occur when paper not satisfying these requirements is used. 

Selection of the right paper is important. The wrong paper can result in jams, 
misfeeds, curl, poor print quality, and paper waste, and in extreme cases can 
damage the printer. The guidelines given below will increase the productivity 
of your office by ensuring efficient, trouble-free printing and reducing wear 
and tear on the printer. 

Paper Availability 

Most types of paper are compatible with a variety of machines. Paper intended 
for xerographic copiers can also be used with the printer. 

There are three general grades of paper: economy, standard, and premium. 
The most significant difference between grades is the ease with which they 
pass through the printer. This is affected by the smoothness, size, and moisture 
content of the paper, and the way in which the paper is cut. The higher the 
grade of paper you use, the less risk there will be of paper jam and other prob- 
lems, and the higher the level of quality your printed output will reflect. 

Differences between paper from different suppliers can also affect the 
printer's performance. A high-quality printer cannot produce high-quality re- 
sults when the wrong paper is used. Low-priced paper is not economical in the 
long run if it causes printing problems. 

Paper in each grade is available in a range of basis weights (defined later). The 
traditional standard weights are 16, 20, and 24 pounds (60g/m" to 90g/m"). 



D-2 



Paper Specifications 

The following table summarizes the basic paper specifications. Details are 
given on the following pages. 

Table D.1 Specification for White Bond Paper 



Item 


Specification 


Weight 


60 to 90 g/m 2 (16 to 24 lbs/ream) 


Thickness 


0.086 to 0.110 mm (3.4 to 4.3 mils) 


Dimensional accuracy 


±0.7 mm (±0.0276 inches) 


Squareness of corners 


90° ± 0.2° 


Moisture content 


4% to 6% 


Direction of grain 


Long grain 


Pulp content 


80% or more 



D-3 



D.2. Selecting the Right Paper 

Printer printing is a process involving LED light, electrostatic discharge, toner, 
and heat. In addition, as the paper passes through the printer it undergoes con- 
siderable sliding, bending, and twisting motions. A high-quality printing paper 
matching the printer's requirements with-stands all these stresses, enabling the 
printer to turn out clean, crisp printed copy consistently. 

Remember that all paper is not the same. Some of the factors to consider 
when selecting paper for the printer are as follows: 

Condition of the Paper 

Avoid using paper that is bent at the edges, curled, dirty, torn, or contami- 
nated with lint, clay, or paper shreds 

Use of paper in these conditions can lead to illegible printing, misfeeding, and 
paper jams, and can shorten the life of the printer. In particular, avoid using 
paper with a surface coating or other surface treatment. The paper should 
have as smooth and even a surface as possible. 

Composition 

Do not use paper that has been coated or surface-treated and contains plastic 
or carbon. The heat of fusing can cause such paper to give off harmful fumes. 

Bond paper should contain at least 80% pulp. Not more than 20% of the total 
paper content should consist of cotton or other fibers. 

Paper Size 

Cassettes are available for the paper sizes listed in Table D.2. The dimensional 
tolerances are ± 0.7 mm (±0.0276 inches) for the length and width. The angle 
at the corners must be 90° ±0.2°. 



D-4 



Table D.2 Paper Sizes for Cassette Paper Feed 



Cassette 


Size 


Legal 


8.5 x 14 in 


Letter 


8.5 x 11 in 


IS0A4 


210 x 297 mm 


JISB5 


182 x 257 mm 


JISA5 


148 x 210 mm 



Other sizes of paper can be fed manually. The minimum size of manually fed 
paper is 80 x 148 mm (3.1 x 5.8 inches), fed lengthwise. The maximum size is 
216 x 356 mm (8.5 X 14 inches). 

Smoothness 

The paper should have a smooth, uncoated surface. Paper with a rough or 
sandy surface can cause voids in the printed output. Paper that is too smooth, 
however, can cause multiple feeding and fogging problems. (Fogging is a gray 
background effect.) 

Basis Weight 

Basis weight is the weight of a standard quantity of paper. In the traditional 
system the standard quantity is a ream consisting of 500 sheets measuring 17 x 
22 inches each. In the metric system the standard quantity is 1 square meter. 

Paper that is too light or too heavy can cause misfeeding, jams, and premature 
wear of the printer. Uneven paper weight can cause multiple feeds, print de- 
fects, poor toner fusing, blurring, and other print quality problems. The proper 
weight is 60 to 90 g/m (16 to 24 lbs/ream). 

Thickness (Caliper) 

Thick paper is referred to as high-caliper paper and thin paper as low-caliper 
paper. The paper used with the printer should be neither extremely thick nor 
extremely thin. If you are having problems with paper jams, multiple feeds, 
and faint printing, the paper may be too thin. If you are having problems with 
paper jams and blurred printing the paper may be too thick. The proper thick- 
ness is 0.086 to 0.110 mm (3.4 to 4.3 mils). 



D-5 



Moisture Content 

Moisture content is defined as the percent ratio of moisture to the dry mass of 
the paper. Moisture can affect the paper's appearance, feedability, curl, elec- 
trostatic properties, and toner fusing characteristics. 

The moisture content of the paper varies with the relative humidity in the 
room. When the relative humidity is high and the paper absorbs moisture, the 
paper edges expand, becoming wavy in appearance. When the relative humid- 
ity is low and the paper loses moisture, the edges shrink and tighten, and print 
contrast may suffer. 

Wavy or tight edges can cause misfeeding and alignment anomalies. The mois- 
ture content of the paper should be 4% to 6%. 

To ensure the proper moisture content it is important to store the paper in a 
controlled environment. Some tips on moisture control are: 

• Store paper in a cool, dry location. 

• Keep the paper in its wrapping as long as possible. Rewrap paper that is 
not in use. 

• Store paper in its original carton. Place a pallet etc. under the carton to 
separate it from the floor. 

• After removing paper from storage, let it stand in the same room as the 
printer for 48 hours before use. 

• Avoid leaving paper where it is exposed to heat, sunlight, or damp. 
Paper Grain 

When paper is manufactured, it is cut into sheets with the grain running paral- 
lel to the length (long grain) or parallel to the width (short grain). Short grain 
paper can cause feeding problems in the printer. All paper used in the printer 
should be long grain. 



D-6 



Other Paper Properties 

Porosity: Refers to the density of the paper structure; that is, to how openly or 
compactly the fibers are bonded. 

Stiffness: Limp paper can buckle inside the printer, while paper that is too 
stiff may bind. Either way the result is a paper jam. 

Curl: Most paper has a natural tendency to curl in one direction. The paper 
should be loaded so that the natural curl is downward, to counteract the up- 
ward curl imparted by the printer. Printed sheets will then come out flat. Most 
paper also has a top and bottom surface. Loading instructions are usually 
given on the paper package. 

Electrostatic properties: During the printing process the paper is electrostati- 
cally charged to attract the toner. The paper must be able to release this 
charge so that printed sheets do not cling together in the output tray. 

Whiteness: The contrast of the printed page depends on the whiteness of the 
paper. Whiter paper provides a sharper, brighter appearance. 

Quality control: Uneven sheet size, corners that are not square, ragged edges, 
welded (uncut) sheets, and crushed edges and corners can cause the printer to 
malfunction in various ways. A quality paper supplier should take considerable 
care to ensure that these problems do not occur. 

Packaging: Paper should be packed in a sturdy carton to protect it from dam- 
age during transport. Quality paper obtained from a reputable supplier is usu- 
ally properly packaged. 



D-7 



D.3. Special Paper 

The following types of special paper can be used: 

• Overhead projection (OHP) film 

• Adhesive-backed label paper 

• Envelopes 

• Colored paper 

• Preprinted paper 

Use paper that is sold specifically for use with copiers (heat-fusing type). OHP 
film, label paper, and envelopes should not be placed in the cassette; they 
must be fed manually and delivered in the face up stack. 

Since the composition and quality of special paper vary considerably, special 
paper is more likely than white bond paper to give trouble during printing. No 
liability will be assumed if moisture etc. given off in printing on special paper 
causes harm to the machine or operator. 

Note: Before purchasing any type of special paper, test a sample 

on the printer and check that printing quality is satisfactory. 

Specifications for each type of special paper are given below. 

Overhead Projection (OHP) Film 

The following type of OHP film is recommended: 

• FOLEX BG-60 

OHP film must be able to withstand the heat of fusing during the printing 
process. It should satisfy the conditions in Table D.3. 



D-8 



Table D.3 OHP Film Specifications 



Item 


Specification 


Tolerance of heat 


Must tolerate at least 190°C (374°F) 


Thickness 


0.100 to 0.1 10 mm (3.9 to 4.3 mils) 


Dimensional accuracy 


±0.7 mm (±0.0276 in) 


Squareness of corners 


90° ±0.2° 



To avoid trouble, OHP film must be delivered face-up. 

If OHP film jams frequently, pull the top of the sheet very gently as it leaves 
the printer. 

Adhesive-Backed Labels 

The basic rule for printing on adhesive labels is that the adhesive must never 
come into contact with any part of the printer. Adhesive paper sticking to the 
drum or rollers will damage the printer. 

Label paper must be manually fed. 

Label paper has a structure consisting of three layers, as shown in Figufe D.l. 
The top sheet is printed on. The adhesive layer consists of pressure-sensitive 
adhesives. The carrier sheet (also called the linear or backing sheet) holds the 
labels until use. Due to the complexity of its composition, adhesive-backed 
label paper is particularly likely to give trouble in printing. 

Figure D.1 Adhesive-backed label 



Top sheet (white bond paper) 

Adhesive 

Carrier sheet 



D-9 



Figure D.2 Label arrangement 



Acceptable 






Unacceptable 


























Carrier 
sheet 1 



















































Adhesive label paper must be entirely covered by its top sheet, with no spaces 
between the individual labels. Labels with spaces in between are apt to peel 
off, causing serious jam problems. 

Some label paper is manufactured with an extra margin of top sheet around 
the edge. Do not remove the extra top sheet from the carrier sheet until after 
printing is finished. 

Table D.4 lists the specifications for adhesive label paper. 
Table D.4 Adhesive Label Specifications 



Item 


Specification 


Weight of top sheet 


44 to 74 g/m 2 (12 to 20 lbs/ream) 


Composite weight 


104 to 151 g/m 2 (28 to 40 lbs/ream) 


Thickness of top sheet 


0.086 to 0.107 mm (3.9 to 4.2 mils) 


Composite thickness 


0.115 to 0.145 mm (4.5 to 5.7 mils) 


Moisture content 


4% to 6% (composite) 



D-10 



Envelopes 

The^printer can print on envelopes using paper with a basis weight of 60 to 79 
g/m" (16 to 21 lbs/ream). Envelopes must be manually fed. 

An envelope is a more complex object than a single sheet of paper. For this 
reason, it may not be possible to obtain consistent printing quality over the en- 
tire envelope surface. 

Many envelopes have a diagonal grain orientation. (See Paper Grain above.) 
This orientation is more likely to wrinkle and crease on its way through the 
printer. Before purchasing envelopes for use with the printer, test a sample to 
verify the envelope's suitability. 

Do not use envelopes having an encapsulated liquid adhesive. 

Avoid long printing runs consisting of envelopes only. Extensive envelope print- 
ing can cause premature printer wear. 

To avoid jam due to curled envelopes, do not leave more than approximately 
10 printed envelopes stacked in the paper trays during multiple printing of the 
envelopes. 

Colored Paper 

Colored paper should satisfy the same conditions as white bond paper, listed 
in Table D.l. In addition, the pigments used in the paper must be able to 
withstand the heat of fusing during the printing process (up to 190°C or 374°F). 

Preprinted Paper 

Preprinted paper should have a bond paper base. The preprinted ink must be 
able to withstand the heat of fusing during the printing process, and must not 
be affected by silicone oil. 

Do not use paper with any kind of surface treatment, such as the type of paper 
commonly used for calendars. 



D-11 



Appendix E: 
Host Computer Interface 



This appendix describes the signals used in the printer's parallel and RS-232C 
interfaces. It lists pin assignments, signal functions, timings, connector specifi- 
cations, and voltage levels. The RS-232C protocols are also covered. Finally, it 
explains the use of the printer in a multi-computer environment. 



E.1. Parallel Interface 



Interface Signals 

The printer has a Centronics-type parallel interface. The pins of the parallel in- 
terface connector carry the signals listed in Table E.l. Asterisks in the table in- 
dicate signals that are active low. The table also indicates whether each signal 
is incoming or outgoing with respect to the printer. 

Table E.1 Parallel Connector Pin Assignments 



Pin 


In/out 


Description 


1 


In 


Strobe* 


2 


In 


Data 


3 


In 


Data 1 


4 


In 


Data 2 


5 


In 


Data 3 


6 


In 


Data 4 


7 


In 


Data 5 


8 


In 


Data 6 


9 


In 


Data 7 


10 


Out 


Acknowledge* 


11 


Out 


Busy 


12 


Out 


Paper Empty 


13 


In 


On-Line (Select) 


14 


In 


Ignored 


15 


- 


Not connected 


16 


- 


OVDC 


17 


- 


Chassis GND 


18 


- 


+ 5V DC 


19 


- 


Ground return 


20 


- 


Ground return 


21 


- 


Ground return 


22 


- 


Ground return 


23 


- 


Ground return 


24 


- 


Ground return 



E-2 



Pin 


In/out 


Description 


25 


- 


Ground return 


26 


- 


Ground return 


27 


- 


Ground return 


28 


- 


Ground return 


29 


- 


Ground return 


30 


- 


Ground return 


31 


In 


Ignored 


32 


Out 


No output 


33 


Out 


Aux out 1 


34 


- 


Not connected 


35 


Out 


Power Ready 


36 


In 


Ignored 



Detailed descriptions of the signals follow. 

Strobe* (Pin 1) 

A negative-going Strobe* pulse causes the printer to read and latch the data 
on the Data to Data 7 signal lines. 

Data to Data 7 (Pins 2 to 9) 

These eight signals form the data byte sent from the host computer to the 
printer. Data 7 is the most significant bit. 

Acknowledge* (Pin 10) 

This negative-going pulse acknowledges the previous character received by the 
printer. Acknowledge* pulses are sent only when Busy is low. 

Busy (Pin 11) 

This signal is high when the printer is busy and low when it is able to accept 
more data. Every high-to-low transition is followed by an Acknowledge* pulse. 

Paper Empty (Pin 12) 

This signal goes high when the printer runs out of paper. 



E-3 



On-Line (Pin 13) 

This signal is high when the printer is on-line and low when the printer is off- 
line. It goes low when the upper unit is raised, or when the ( online] key is 
pressed to set the printer off-line. 

Note: The Paper Empty and On-Line signals are not used unless 

enabled by the FRPO command (R6 parameter). See the 
TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual. 

Auto-Feed (Pin 14) 

This signal is used in the Epson version of the Centronics interface to receive 
a carriage return. It is ignored by the printer. 

+ 5V DC (pin 18) 

This line is connected to the printer's +5V DC line through a 56Q resistor. 
Prime (Pin 31) 

This signal is used in the standard Centronics interface to enable the computer 
to reset the printer. It is ignored by the printer. 

Error (Pin 32) 

This signal line is not used. 

Auxiliary output 1 (Pin 33) 

This signal is high when the printer's power is on. 

Power Ready (Pin 35) 

This signal is high when the printer's power is on. 

Select In (Pin 36) 

This signal is used in some versions of the Centronics interface to enable the 
computer to force the printer on-line. It is ignored by the printer. 



E-4 



Parallel Interface Theory of Operation 

The computer sends the printer one byte at a time, by placing the data on the 
Data lines and sending a Strobe* pulse. When the printer detects the positive 
transition of the Strobe* signal, it latches the data and asserts the Busy signal. 
Then the printer reads the data into its input buffer and starts processing it. 
The Busy signal remains high until the buffer is ready to accept more data. 
Any Strobe* pulses arriving while Busy is high are ignored. When the printer 
is ready for more data, it makes Busy low and sends a negative Acknowledge* 
pulse, then waits for the next Strobe*. 

When the printer's input buffer is full, time t2 can be indefinitely long. The 
printer's microprocessor holds Busy high for as long as it takes to process the 
data in the input buffer. 

Figure E.1 Parallel Interface Timing Diagram 



Data 0-7 



Strobe* 



t5 



t6 



t 



Data latch 



Busy 



3 



\ 



Acknowledge* 



t2 



t3 t4 



E-5 



Table E.2 Parallel Interface Timing 



Interval 


Min. («s) 


Max. (/is) 


Description 


t1 


1 


- 


Strobe* pulse width 


t2 


25 


150 


Strobe* high to Busy low 


t3 


- 


2 


Busy low to Acknowledge* low 


t4 


2.5 


5 


Acknowledge* pulse width 


t5 


0.5 


- 


Data setup time, to Strobe* high 


t6 


0.5 


- 


Data hold time, from Strobe* high 



Parallel Connector 

The connector marked Parallel on the rear panel is equivalent to the Am- 
phenol 57-40360 with a quick-release wire bail lock. The mating connector on 
the cable should be an Amphenol 57-30360 or equivalent. 

Parallel Interface Signal Levels 

All input signals are alike, with a 1000-ohm pull-up to + 5 volts. The receiver 
is a LS-type TTL chip. Any input voltage above 2.0 volts is considered high. 
Any input voltage below 0.8 volts is considered low. 



E-6 



E.2. RS-232C Interface 

Interface Signals 

The pins of the printer's RS-232C interface connector carry the signals listed 
in Table E.3. Asterisks in the table indicate signals that are active low. The 
table also indicates whether each signal is incoming or outgoing with respect to 
the printer. 

Table E.3 RS-232C Signal Pin Assignments 



Pin 


In/out 


Description 


1 


- 


Ground 


2 


Out 


Transmit Data 


3 


In 


Receive Data 


4 


Out 


Request To Send* 


7 


- 


Ground 


20 


Out 


Data Terminal Ready 



Brief descriptions of the signals follow. 

Transmit Data (Pin 2) 

This output carries asynchronous data sent by the printer to the computer. It is 
used mainly in handshaking protocols. 

Receive Data (Pin 3) 

This input carries serial asynchronous data sent by the computer to the printer. 

Request To Send* (Pin 4) 

This output is always held high (above 3 volts). 

Data Terminal Ready (Pin 20) 

This output is used as a buffer nearly-full handshake line. It is held high 
(above 3 volts) when the buffer can accept more data. 



E-7 



RS-232C Connector 

The connector marked RS-232C on the rear panel is a DB-25S. The mating 
connector on the cable should be a DB-25P or equivalent. 

RS-232C Interface Voltage Levels 

The voltage levels of the interface signals conform to EIA RS-232C specifica- 
tions. False is from 3 volts to 15 volts. True is from -3 volts to -15 volts. Vol- 
tages between -3 volts and 3 volts are undefined. 



E-8 



E.3. RS-232C Protocols 

A protocol is a set of rules the computer follows in sending data to the printer. 
The RS-232C parameters are stored in battery backed-up memory. They are in- 
dicated on the status printout. They can be changed by the FRPO (firmware 
reprogram) command described in the TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual. 
The parameters and their identification codes are given below. 

HI: Baud rate 



Parameter value 


Baud rate 


3 


300 


6 


600 


12 


1200 


24 


2400 


48 


4800 


96 


9600 


19 


19200 



The factory setting is 9600 baud (96 on the status printout). 

H2: Data bits 

7 or 8, factory-set to 8. 

H3: Stop bits 

1 or 2, factory-set to 1. 

H4: Parity 



Parameter value 


Meaning 





None 


1 


Odd 


2 


Even 


3 


Ignore 



E-9 



The factory setting is "None" (0 on the status printout). 
H5: Protocol logic 



Parameter value 


Meaning 





Combination of 1 , 3, and 4 below 


1 


DTR, positive logic 


2 


DTR, negative logic 


3 


XON/XOFF 


4 


ETX/ACK 


5 


XON/XOFF recognized only as protocol 



The factory setting is 0, giving all three protocols simultaneously. 
H6: Buffer nearly-full threshold 

This is a percentage from to 99. The factory setting is 90. 
H7: Buffer nearly-empty threshold 

This is a percentage from to 99. The factory setting is 70. 

The factory settings of the buffer nearly-full and nearly-empty thresholds (H6 
and H7) are subject to change without notification. 

The gap between the nearly-full and nearly-empty thresholds allows the com- 
puter to send a fairly large amount of data in a continuous stream. 

H8: Received-data buffer size 

This is the size of the input buffer, specified in units of 10K bytes. The factory- 
set value is 6 meaning 60K bytes. 



E-10 



E.4. Using the Printer in a Multi-computer Environment 

This section mainly concerns the simultaneous use of the printer by different 
computers. 

Sequence of Jobs 

The printer has independent input buffers (refer to Buffer Sizes which follows) 
for each of its interfaces and can receive data on all three interfaces simul- 
taneously. Jobs on different interfaces are printed separately, so pages do not 
get intermixed. Figure below shows an example of how the printer prints a 
sequence of jobs received on its three (if an option interface is installed) differ- 
ent interfaces. 

Figure E.2 Sequence of Jobs 
Parallel 



■■■■■■■n 


■/ 


RS-232C 


mi iiimm 


' 


Option 




mmmn 


■/ 



Job 1 



30 sec. 



Job 5 



Job 2 



30 sec. 



Job 4 



Job 3 



As the figure illustrates, jobs are printed in their order of arrival. The printing 
sequence will be job 1, job 2, job 3, job 4, job 5. On all interfaces a gap is nec- 
essary between jobs to enable the printer to release the interface and start 
printing jobs on the other interface and this length of the gap is adjustable 
using the FRPO H9 parameter. The jobs printed via different interfaces in 
above are printed independently. Settings made by application software via 
one interface do not affect the other interfaces. 

Buffer Sizes 

Data arriving from the computer are temporarily buffered in the printer's host 
buffer area which is shared between two or three (if an option interface is in- 
stalled) buffers (#1, #2, and #3 in figure E.3), so it can receive data sepa- 
rately on all interfaces at once. 



E— 11 



The sizes of buffer #1, buffer #2, and buffer #3 are adjusted by the FRPO 
M4, M5, and M6 parameters in the ratio of proportionate shares for the 
buffers. 

Values may be to 9. The factory setting is M4:M5:M6 = 3:1:1. The total size 
of all buffers depends on the FRPO H8 (host buffer size) command setting. 
The minimum size is 1 kilobyte (even if the M4, M5, or M6 parameter is 0). 

Figure E.3 Buffer Sizes 



Factory-set 
ratios (Sizes) 






Buffer Mode (See below.) 




Automatic (M3 = 0) 


Fixed (M3=1) 


Buffer #1 


Buffers the interface 
which receives data 
earlier than the 
other(s). 


Fixed to receive data 
arriving on the serial 
interface. 


Buffer #2 


Buffers the interface 
which has received 
data later than the 
first. 


Fixed to receive data 
arriving on the 
parallel interface. 


Buffer #3* 


Buffers the interface 
which has received 
data later than the 
second. 


Fixed to receive data 
arriving on the 
option interface. 



* available only when an option interface is installed. 



The way each buffer selects the interface to receive data can be switched by 
the FRPO M3 (buffer mode) command between two modes -automatic or 
fixed: 

If the M3 value is (automatic), the first data arriving from the computer go 
into buffer #1, regardless of which interface they arrive on, and the printer 
begins printing these data. While buffer #1 is still in use, if data also begin to 
arrive on a second interface they are stored in buffer #2. The printer will print 
these data after it has finished printing the job received through buffer #1. 



E-12 



While buffer #3 is still in use, if data begin to arrive on the third interface (if 
installed as the option interface), they are stored in buffer #3 (if buffer #1 is 
still being used for the first interface), or buffer #1 (if buffer #1 has been re- 
leased). The general rule is that data go to the lowest-numbered available buff- 
er. 

If the M3 value is 1 (fixed), buffer #1 is fixed to receive only the data arriving 
on the serial interface; buffer #2 is fixed on the parallel interface; and buffer 
#3 is fixed on the option interface (if installed). The first data arriving on one 
of the interfaces go into its fixed, dedicated buffer and the printer begins print- 
ing these data, and continues as above. 

The factory setting of the total host buffer size is 60 kilobytes and can be 
changed by the FRPO H8 command. 

Note: If you alter the parameters for the buffer sizes, reset the 

printer by turning the power off and on again or by using the 
front panel keys. 

Independence of Printing Environments 

The printer can be used by different computers connected to different inter- 
faces as stated above. It can also be used by different computers connected to 
the same interface via a switching device or a local area network. It can 
furthermore be used by different application programs running on the same 
computer. 

The printer maintains a separate printing environment on each interface, cus- 
tomized and preserved permanently by FRPO commands (See the TECHNI- 
CAL REFERENCE manual of Chapter 6). Two computers can use the Laser- 
Jet III emulation on the parallel and serial interfaces, for example, without 
mutual interference. Each computer will operate as if it had the printer to it- 
self. The user on one of the interfaces can use the printer without worrying 
that in the meantime of his absence his printing environment has been altered 
by the user on the other interface. 

The printer can also be used in different emulation modes on different inter- 
faces without mutual interference. For example, as shown in the figure on next 
page, it can be used in the LaserJet III emulation mode on the parallel inter- 
face and in the IBM emulation mode on the RS-232C interface, and so on, 
without interference. 



E-13 



Figure E.4 Different Emulations on Interface 



LaserJet III Emulation 
Parallel 



RS-232C 



IBM Emulation 




FRPO Parameters 

If you use the FRPO commands to customize the printing environment, any 
changes you make on most of the environment parameters affect the printing 
environment on that interface only. In addition, the change will persist after 
power is switched off. Thus, you can change the printing environment on your 
own interface (generally, if you are the only user on that interface) without af- 
fecting the environment on the other interfaces. The printer's status page 
shows printing environment parameters on all three (if an option interface is 
installed) different interfaces. Details on the FRPO parameters are given in 
Chapter 6 of the TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual. 



E-14 



Appendix F: 

RS-232C Cable 

Connection 



This appendix explains the procedure for connecting the printer to a computer 
by an RS-232C cable, setting up the RS-232C interface, and checking that the 
computer and printer can communicate. 



F.1. RS-232C Cable Connection 
Preparing an RS-232C Cable 

After obtaining an RS-232C cable, check that it is wired correctly, referring to 
the pin assignment table in Appendix E. If you have an IBM communication 
adapter cable type 1502067, you will have to resolder the wiring at the printer 
end of the cable. The procedure is as follows. 

1. Unscrew the plastic cover from the printer end of the cable. 

2. Next to each of the wires inside the cable is a bare shield wire. Solder all 
these shield wires together into a single bundle. 

3. Using a section of flat wire about 3 mm wide and 15 mm long, connect the 
bundle of shield wires to the metal facing of the connector. Check that the 
solder connections are secure. 

4. Desolder wires 2 and 3, then resolder them in crossed configuration. 
Solder wire 2 to pin 3 and wire 3 to pin 2. Cover the solder joints with ther- 
mofit tube. 

5. Cut wires 4, 5, 6, and 20. 

6. Solder wires 5 and 6 together and connect them to pin 20. Cover the 
solder joints with thermofit tube. Leave wire 4 unconnected. 

7. Tape all remaining loose ends, or seal them with thermofit tube. 

8. Screw the plastic cover back on. 



F-2 



Connecting the Printer to the Computer 

1. Check that the power of both the printer and computer is switched off. 

2. Discharge yourself by touching a metal object such as a doorknob. 

3. Remove the plastic cap from the printer's RS-232C interface connector. 

4. Plug the printer end of the RS-232C interface cable into the printer's RS- 
232C connector and screw it in place. 

5. Plug the other end of the cable into the computer's RS-232C interface con- 
nector. 

6. Switch on the printer's power. 

7. The printer's RS-232C parameters are factory-set to the following values: 

Baud rate = 9600 bps, Data bits (character length) = 8 bits, 
Stop bits = 1, Parity = None 

The three RS-232C protocols are XON/XOFF, DTR, and ETX/ACK. The 
printer performs all three of them simultaneously, using positive logic for 
DTR. 

If you are uncertain as to the printer's current parameter settings, you can 
reset them to the values listed above by following the manner described in 
chapter 2.2. 

8. Set the computer to the same parameters as the printer. On many comput- 
ers this can be done by setting DIP switches before power is turned on. 
Another method is as follows: 



F-3 



In DOS, enter the following commands: 

OMODE COMl:96,N, 8, 1,P 
OMODE LPTl:=COMl 

To test the interface, then enter: 

CTRL P 
ODIR 
CTRL P 

The software settings made by the procedures above are temporary. On most 
computers, permanent settings must be made with DIP switches. 

If you want to use a different baud rate or change any of the other RS-232C 
parameters, you can use the printer's FRPO (firmware reprogram) command. 
See the TECHNICAL REFERENCE manual for details. 



F-4 



Appendix G: 

Memory Expansion 

Installation 



Note: This appendix primarily applies to model FS-1500 only. 

Model FS-1500A has no memory mother board installed at 
the factory. To install expansion memory in model FS-1500A, 
you must first obtain an option memory mother board (RM- 
105) from the dealer. 

This appendix explains how to expand the printer's memory. Expanded printer 
memory enables you to print more complex pages, download more fonts, and 
define more macros. It begins with how to remove the memory expansion 
board from the printer, and explains how to install SIMMs (single in-line 
memory module) on the memory expansion board. 



G.1. Removing the Memory Expansion Board 

This printer has been already installed with an empty memory expansion 
board. The memory expansion board must be removed from the printer before 
installing SIMM chips on the board. The slot for removing and installing the 
expansion board is located as shown in Figure G.l. 

Warning: You are about to remove the expansion board inside the 

printer. For your protection, make sure the power is off. 
Don't touch any electronic components inside the printer. 

Notes on Handling the Expansion Board and SIMMs 

To protect the electronics, take these precautions: 

• Before touching the expansion board, touch a pipe or other large metal ob- 
ject to discharge yourself of static electricity. It is recommended that you 
use an antistatic wrist strap. 

• Hold the expansion board by its edge and handle it with care. 



G-2 



Removing the Expansion Board from the Printer 

To remove the board from the printer, proceed as follows: 

Turn the printer power off. Unplug the printer from power and the host com- 
puter. 

Remove the expansion slot cover and remove two screws at the left side of the 
printer. Save these screws. Draw out the memory expansion board from the 
printer. 

Figure G.1 Removeing the Memory Expansion Board 



Screws 



Expansi 
Cover 




Memory Expansion 
Board 



Main Switch 



To install the memory expansion board to the printer after you have installed 
the SIMM chips, use the reverse manner of the above. 



G-3 



G.2. Installing Memory 

Installing memory to the memory expansion board is simple because it uses 
SIMMs which are circuit boards fitted with (four) memory chips. One SIMM 
chip expands 0.5-MB memory. However, the SIMM chips must be used always 
in a pair (1-MB). No tools are needed to install SIMMs on the memory expan- 
sion board. 

Valid SIMM Configurations 

By installing up to four pairs of SIMMs on the memory expansion board, you 
can increase the board's memory to a maximum of 4 MB in 1-MB increment. 

A pair of sockets on the memory expansion board is called a bank. The 
memory expansion board has four banks (eight sockets). 

In order for the memory expansion board to work correctly, two rules must be 
observed when you install SIMMs in the board. 

1. Fit matching SIMMs in both sockets of a bank. If you place a SIMM in 
one socket, you must place matching SIMM in the other socket of the 
same bank. 

2. Install SIMMs in the lowest numbered bank first. 

Table below shows the valid SIMM configurations for the memory expansion 
board. The memory expansion board will not work with any other configura- 
tion other than shown in this table. 



G-4 



Table G.1 Memory Expansion Table 



Total memory 
expanded (MB) 


Bank 


1MB 


2MB 


3MB 


4MB 


Socket 


Socket 


Socket 


Socket 


A 


B 


A 


B 


A 


B 


A 


B 


1 


0.5 


0.5 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


- 


- 


4 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 


0.5 



For example, if you require 3MB total expansion memory, you must fill banks 
"1MB", "2MB", and "3MB" with six SIMMs. 

Figure G.2 shows the top view of the memory expansion board. 
Figure G.2 Memory Expansion Board Top View 



OllllIM^ 




|33| 



awtvt/ swc anj va'awi 



r^v 



^=h 



G-5 



Type of SIMM to be used 

The following type of SIMM must be used with the memory expansion board. 

Kyocera MM-100 

The memory expansion board will not work with other SIMM types. 

To install (or remove) SIMMs on the memory expansion board, go to the next 
section. 



G-6 



G.3. Installing and removing SIMMs 

This section covers the instructions on how to install or remove SIMMs on the 
memory expansion board. Before proceeding, read the following cautions. 

Cautions on handling SIMMs 

To prevent damage to the memory expansion board and the printer: 

• Install SIMMs in the lowest bank first. 

• Before handling SIMMs, ground yourself of static electricity by touching a 
large metal object. 

Installing SIMMs 

Insert the SIMM into the bank socket as shown below. 

1. Insert the connector end" of the SIMM into the socket. 

2. Then push it on the back side until it snaps in place. Make sure the SIMM 
is securely held by the catches in the socket. 

Figure G.3 Installing SIMMs 



Socket 




SIMM 



Catch 



G-7 



Removing SIMMs 

To remove a SIMM, carefully pull the catch sideways slightly as shown and 
pull the SIMM up. 

Figure G.4 Removing SIMMs 



Catch 




SIMM 



G-8 



G.4. Testing the Expansion Board 

After you have finished installing the memory expansion board in the printer, 
test the printer to see if the expansion memory has been successfully installed. 

To test the expansion memory, proceed as follows. 

1. Make sure the power switch is off. Plug the power cord into the printer 
and turn power on. 

2. When the O (ready) indicator stops flashing and the printer gets on-line, 
press the ISTOTUS key. 

3. If the memory expansion has been successfully made, the Total memory 
(Memory Allocation) of the status page will show the expanded memory 
size depending on the amount of the memory added. (The factory installed 
memory size is 1024 kB.) 



G-9 



Appendix H: 
Glossary 



A4 size -21.0 x 29.7 centimeters (ISO). 

A5 size— 14.8 x 21.0 centimeters. 

Amorphous silicon (photoreceptor)— A material used for photoreceptor 
(drum) in electrophotography. Kyocera is one of the largest manufactures and 
suppliers of the drum unit utilizing amorphous silicon. Amorphous silicon is ex- 
traordinarily resistant to scratches and light, and also known to be nonpollu- 
tant to the environment. 

B5 size -18.2 x 25.7 centimeters (JIS). 

Bitmap font— A font made of a fixed bit pattern. Bitmap fonts have the fixed 
height (size) for each character. 

Carrier — A kind of magnetic powder which resides within the developer unit 
and carries toner to the drum surface. 

Centronics interface — A standard parallel interface often used to connect com- 
puters and printers. 

Corona discharge — A weak in- air electric discharge. 

Developing powder — A mixture of carrier and toner. 

Developer unit— A unit located on top of the printer that holds developing 
powder and transfers toner to the drum with a magnetic roller. 

Drum — A cylinder coated with a photoreceptor material that conducts electric- 
ity when hit by light. 

Drum unit — A unit containing the drum, main charger, and a cleaning system. 

Emulate — Operate in the same way as another device. The printer emulates 
other printers by imitating their responses to control codes and escape 
sequences. 

Face-down output tray— The tray that receives printed pages face-down, 
stacked in the correct order. 

Face-up output tray— The tray that receives printed pages face-up. 



H-2 



Fuser — A mechanism consisting of a heat roller and pressure roller, that fuses 
the toner to the paper just before it leaves the lower main unit. 

Fuser heat roller — The upper roller in the fuser unit. 

Interface cable — The cable connecting the printer to the computer. 

Interlock- A switch that prevents the printer from operating when it is not 
properly closed. The printer has interlock switches for its upper unit, etc. 

Isolation transformer — A device that can be used to isolate the printer from 
noise on the power line. 

KIR (Kyocera Image Refinement) — Kyocera's advanced technology which was 
designed to refine the resolution of the 300 dpi page printer. To obtain the opti- 
mal result, the KIR level can be adjusted from the printer's control panel. 

LED optical head — A device that lies parallel to the drum and emits parallel 
beam to write the image on it. It has 2,560 pieces of LEDs (light-emitting 
diodes) along the head which are switched on and off under control of the bit 
map in the printer's raster memory. A parallel beam is focused using selfoc 
lenses also mounted on the head. 

Legal size — 8.5 x 14 inches. 

Letter size — 8.5 x 11 inches. 

Main charger — A unit inside the drum unit, that discharges electricity onto 
the surface of the drum. 

Main logic board — The printed circuit board on which the printer's memory 
and logic control circuits are mounted. 

Off-line — The state in which the printer does not print the data it receives. 

On-line — The state in which the printer prints the data it receives. 

Paper chute -The slot that guides paper to the transfer roller. 

Parallel interface — An interface over which data are transmitted eight bits at a 
time. 



H-3 



Permanent memory— Memory that is backed up by an internal battery, so its 
contents are not lost when power is switched off. 

Ramp — The plate located in the lower unit between the transfer roller and 
fuser. 

RS-232C interface — A standard serial interface. 

Scalable font — A font providing the outline of the characters. This outline is 
sized according to the sizing information from the computer and filled in for 
printing. 

Serial interface — An interface over which data are transmitted one bit at a 
time. 

Status information — A page of information obtained by pressing the printer's 
i' STflTUS ] key, indicating: the software version number and release date, units and 
margins, line and character spacing, memory usage, parameter values held in 
permanent memory, and font numbers and sizes in memory. 

Toner — A kind of powdered ink. The toner for this printer is specifically de- 
signed for use with the amorphous silicon drum. It contains powder of fine ce- 
ramics which continuously polishes the drum surface for refreshment. 

Transfer roller— The roller located in the paper feed mechanism that charges 
the paper electrically to transfer toner to it. Unlike the high-voltage corotron 
charging system usually found in other printers, the transfer roller system 
scarcely generates ozone gas. 

Toner kit — A maintenance kit containing a toner container. 



H-4 



Index 



Abandoning a printing job, 2-14 
Adhesive label, D-9 
Amorphous silicon, H-2 



B 



Bitmap font, 2-29, H-2 
Buffer size, E-10- E-11 



Carriage return, 2-44 

Carrier, B-2 

Cassette size, D-5 

Centronics, 1-28, E-2 

Character code set, 2-26 

Cleaning, 3-9 

LED head, 3-9 

main charger wire, 3-9 

paper feed unit, 3-1 1 

Clearances, 1-10 

Code set, 2-19, 2-26 



Contents of carton, 
Control keys, 2-6 
Control panel, 2-2 
COPY 

setting, 2-13 



1-13 



E message, 4-10 
Emulation, 2-25 
Envelopes, D-11 
Epson LQ-850, 2-25 
Extension cord, 1-9 



F message, 4-10 

Face-down output tray, 1-25 

Face-up output tray 
install, 1-27 

Font, 2-39 

bitmap font, 2-29 
printing sample, 2-39 
scalable font, 2-29, 2-31 
selection, 2-29 
sizing scalable fonts, 2-31 

Form Feed, 2-16 

Fuser cleaning pad, 1-21 



H-4 



H 



Hexadecimal dump, 2-38 
HP LaserJet III, 2-25 



Developer unit, 1-15 

installing, 1-15 
Diablo 630, 2-25 
Drum unit, 1-8 

main charger wire, 1-8, 3-9 



IBM Proprinter, 2-25 
IC card 

partition, 2-33 

rereading, 2-33 
Image, B-2 

Transferring, B-2 

writing on the drum, B-2 
Indicator- 

INTERFACE indicator, 2-3 



Index -2 



Interface, 1-27, 2-23 
parallel, 1-28 
serial, 1-28 



K 



OHP film, D-8 
On Line, 2-10 



KC-GL, 2-25 

pen width, 2-28 
KIR (Kyocera Image Refinement), 2-48, H-3 



LED head 

cleaning, 3-9 
LED optical head, 1-8, H-3 
Line printer, 2-25 
Linefeed, 2-43 



M 



Main logic board, B-2 
Maintenance messages, 4-10 
Manual feed tray 

installing, 1-24 
Manual paper feed, 2-53 
Memory expansion board, G-2 

SIMM, G-2 
Message display, 2-2 
Message language, 2-46 
MH cleaner, 1-6, 3-10 



N 



Names of parts, 1-2 

Number of pages printed, 2-47 



Packing, 1-12 

PAGE ORIENTATION, 2-12 

Panel keep, 2-45 

Paper, D-5 

Paper feed selection, 2-9 

Paper feed unit, 1-4 

Paper jam, 4-13 

Paper stack selection, 2-8 

Paper stopper, 1-2, 1-26 

Parallel interface, E-2 

timing, E-6 
Partition, 2-33 
Pen width, 2-28 
Places to avoid, 1-11 
Power requirement, 1-9 
Print density 

adjusting, 2-57 
Print quality, 4-5 
Processing, B-2 



Raster memory, B-2 
Ready, 2-7 
Requirement, 1-11 

power, 1-11 

prolonged non-use and moving, 1-30 
Reset, 2-40 
RS-232C, E-9, F-2 

cable, F-2 

changing parameters, 2-41 

signal pin assignments, E-7 



Index -3 



Scalable font, 2-29, H-4 

sizing, 2-31 
Serial interface, E-7 

protocols, E-9 
SIMM, G-4 
SIZE indicator, 2-4 
Status 

printing, 2-15 
Symbolic indicators, 2-4 



Temperature and humidity, 1-9 

Time-out setting, 2-37 

Toner container, 1-18, 3-4 
supplying, 1-19, 3-2 

Toner kit contents, 3-2 

Top cover, 1-15 

Troubleshooting, 4-2 
guidelines, 4-2 
indicators, 4-9 
interface, 4-4 
power problem, 4-3 
quality problem, 4-5 



w 



Waste toner bottle, 3-3 
cap, 3-4 
installing, 1-21 
removing, 3-3 

Wiper cloth, 3-1 1 



Index -4